Ingumentary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ingumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ingumentary System Deck (178):
1

abrasion

a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area

2

abscess

a localized collection of pus in any part of the body

3

albino

an individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair and skin

4

alopecia

partial or complete loss of hair

5

amputation

surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb, or a part of a limb

6

basal layer

the deepest of the five layers of the epidermis

7

blackhead

an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum with the opening of a hair follicle

8

blister

a small thin-walled skin leasion containing clear fluid; a vesicle

9

boil

a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a furnucle

10

bruise

a bluish-black discoloration of an area of skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area

11

bulla

a large blister

12

carbuncle

a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface

13

cellulitus

a diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling

14

cerumen

ear wax

15

ceruminous gland

a modified sweat gland that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish-brown waxy substance called cerumen (ear wax)

16

cicatrix

scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound

17

circumscribed

confined to a limited space or well-defined area (as if a circle were drawn around it)

18

collagen

the protein substance that forms the glistening inelastic fibers of connective tissue such as tendons, ligaments, and fascia

19

comedo

the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by an accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opeing of a hair follicle (closed: whitehead or open: blackhead)

20

contusion

an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin

21

corium

dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis

22

cryosurgery

a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe

23

curettage

the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface fro the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material

24

cutaneous membrane

skin

25

cuticle

a fold of skin that covers the root of the fingernail or toenail

26

cyanosis

a condition of a blueish discoloration of the skin

27

cyst

a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semi-fluid or solid material

28

debridement

removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing

29

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

30

dermatologist

a physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin

31

dermatology

the study of the skin

32

dermis

corium; the layer of skin just under the epidermis

33

diaphoresis

the secretion of sweat

34

ecchymosis

a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; also known as a bruise

35

electrodesiccation

a technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions

36

epidermis

the outermost layer of the skin

37

epidermoid cyst

a cyst filled with a cheesy material compound of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland; also known as a sebasceous cyst.

38

epithelium

the tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body

39

erythema

redness of the skin due to capillary dialation

40

erythremia

an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera

41

erythroderma

redness of the skin due to capillary dialation

42

excoriation

an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma such as scratching or abrasions

43

exfoliation

peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells; as in peeling of the skin after a severe sunburn

44

fissure

a crack-like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane

45

fistula

an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs (e.g. rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface

46

furuncle

a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil

47

gangrene

death of tissue, most often involving the extremities; is usually the result of ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area), bacterial invasion, and subsequent putrefaction (decaying) of the tissue

48

hair follicle

the tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of the hair shaft

49

hair root

the portion of a strand of hair that is embedded in the hair follicle

50

hair shaft

the visible part of the hair

51

hemangioma

a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color

52

heparin

a natural anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues

53

hirsutism

excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occurring in women

54

histamine

a substance (found in all cells) that is released in allergic inflammatory reactions

55

histocyte

macrophage; a large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue.

56

hives

circumbscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than its surrounding edges

57

hydrocele

a collection of fluid located in the area of the scrotal sac in the male

58

ichthyosis

an inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry hyperkeratotic (hardened) and fissured - resembling fish scales

59

integument

the skin

60

integumentary system

the body system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands

61

keratin

a hard fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth and the horns of animals

62

keratolytic

an agent used to break down or loosen the horny (hardened) layer of the skin

63

laceration

a tear in the skin

64

lanugo

soft, very fine hair that covers the body of the developing getus; this hairy coating is almost completely gone by birth

65

lesion

any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash or boil

66

lipocyte

a fat cell

67

lunula

crescent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail

68

macrophage

a large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue.

69

macule

a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed

70

mast cell

a cell (found within the connective tissue) that contains heparin and histamine; these substances are released from the cell in response to injury and infection

71

melanin

a black or dark pigment (produced by melanocytes within the epidermis) that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultra-violet light

72

melanocytes

cells that produce melanin

73

nail body

the visible part of the nail

74

nodule

a small, circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin

75

oil gland

one of the many small glands located in the dermis; its secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin; sebaceous gland

76

onycholysis

separation of a fingernail from its bed, beginning at the free margin

77

onychomycosis

any fungal infection of the nail

78

onychophagia

the habit of biting the nails

79

pachyderma

abnormal thickening of the skin

80

papule

a small, solid, circumscribed elevation of the skin

81

paronychia

inflammation of the skin surrounding the fingernail; also called runaround

82

pediculosis

infestation with lice

83

perspiration

the clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands

84

petechia

small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin

85

pimple

a papule or pustule of the skin

86

polyp

a small, stalk-like growth that protrudes upward or outward from the mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk.

87

pores

openings of the skin through which substances such as water, salts, and some fatty substances are excreted.

88

pressure ulcer

an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part (aka decubitis ulcer)

89

pruritus

itching

90

purpura

a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes; small, pinpoint hemorrhages are known as petechia and larger hemorrhagic areas are known as ecchymoses or bruises

91

pustule

a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess

92

scales

thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed from the epidermis

93

sebaceous cyst

a cyst filled with a cheesy material consisting of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland; also known as an epidermoid cyst

94

sebaceous gland

an oil gland located in the dermis; it's secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin

95

seborrhea

excessive secretion of the sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales

96

skin tags

a small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma

97

squamous epithelial cells

flat scale-like cells arranged in layers (strata)

98

squamous epithelium

the single layer of flattened platelike cells that cover internal and external body surfaces

99

stratified

layered; arranged in layers

100

stratum

a uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells

101

stratum basale

the layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin

102

stratum corenum

the outermost later of the epidermis (consisting of dead cells that have converted to keratin), which continually sloughs off or flakes away; known as the keratinized cell layer

103

stretch marks

linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth. They begin as pinkish-blue streaks with jagged edges and may be accompanied by itching. As they heal and lose their color they remain as silvery-white scar lines, also known as stria

104

subcutaneous tissue

the fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis

105

subungual hematoma

a collection of blood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma (injury)

106

sudoriferous gland

sweat gland

107

sweat

a clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands (also known as perspiration)

108

sweat gland

one of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat, which carries whiaste products to the surface of the skin for excretion, also known as the sudoriferous gland

109

telangietcasia

the permanent dilation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules. These dilated vessels may be visible through the skin as tiny red lines.

110

ulcer

a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanies by inflammation

111

urticaria

a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by sever itching (pruritus).

112

vesicle

a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister

113

vitiligo

a skin disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varying sizes that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation

114

wheal

a circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges; hives

115

whitehead

closed comedo caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle; the content within is not easily expressed.

116

xanthoderma

any yellow coloration of the skin

117

xeroderma

a chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness

118

callus

a common (usually painless) thickening of the epidermis at sites of external pressure or friction, such as weight-bearing areas of the feet and a palmar surface of the hands. This localized hyperplastic area of up to 1" in size is also known as a callosity

119

carcinoma, basal cell

a malignant epithelial cell tumor that begins as a slighly elevated nodule with a depression or ulceration in the center that becomes more obvious as the tumor grows. as the depression enlarges, the tissue breaks down, crusts, and bleeds

120

carcinoma, squamous cell

a malignancy of the squamous (or scale like) cells of the epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma and which has a greater potential for metastasis if not treated.

121

eczema

an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles , pustules, scales, crusts or scabs and accompanied by intense itching

122

exanthematous viral diseases

a skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation, having specific diagnostic features of an infectious viral disease

123

herpes zoster

shingles; an acute viral infection characterized by painful vesicular eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of underlying spinal or cranial nerves

124

hyperkeratosis

an overgrowth of the horny layer of the epidermis

125

impetigo

contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face

126

kaposi's sarcoma

vascular malignant lesions that begin as soft-purple-brown nodules or plaques on the face and oral cavity but can occur anywhere on the body and gradually spread throughout the skin

127

keloid

an enlarged, irregularly shaped and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of a scar

128

leukopakia

white, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis

129

malignant melanoma

malignant skin tumor originating from melanocytes in preexisting nervi, freckles, or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor

130

nevos

a visual accumulation of melanocytes, creating a flat or raised rounded macule or papule with definite borders

131

onychocryptosis

ingrown nail. The nail pierces the lateral fold of the skin and grows into the dermis, causing swelling and pain

132

onychomycosis

a fungal infection of the nails

133

pediculosis

a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by blood-sucking lice.

134

pemphigus

a rare incurable disorder manifested by blisters in the mouth and on the skin which spread to involve large areas of the body, including the chest, face, umbilicus, back and groin

135

pilonidal cyst

a closed sac located in the sacrococcygeal area of the back. sometimes noted at birth as a dimple

136

psoriasis

a common, non-infectious chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales covering round, raised, reddened plaques producing itching

137

rosacea

chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face. The individual has persistent redness over the areas of the face, nose and cheeks

138

scabies

a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite" resulting in a rash, pruritis, and slightly raised thread-like lines

139

scleroderma

a gradual thicking of the dermis and swelling of the hands and feet to a state which the skin is anchored to the underlying tissue

140

systemic lupis erythethatosus

a chronic, multisystem inflammatory disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems, and vasculitis. a red rash known as the "butterfly rash" is often seen o nthe nose and face

141

tinea

more commonly known as ringworm, a chronic fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaling, itching, and sometimes painful lesions. The lesions are named according to the body part affected.

142

tinea capitis

ringworm of the scalp

143

tinea corporis

ringworm of the body is characterized by round patches with elevated red borders of pustules, papules, or vesicles that affect the non-hairy skin of the body. Lesion looks like a circle and is raised

144

tinea cruris

ringworm of the groin (aka jock itch)

145

tinea pedis

ringworm of the foot (aka athlete's foot)

146

wart (verruca)

a benign, circumscribed elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus

147

plantar warts

warts occur either singly or in clusters on the soles of the foot. they occur primarily at points of pressure

148

verruca vulgaris

common wart; occurs on the face, elbow, fingers or hands

149

condyloma acuminata

venereal warts
transmitted via sexual contact and are found on the female genitalia, the penis or the rectum

150

seborrheic warts

benign circumscribed, slightly raised lesion that occur on the face, neck, chest, or upper back and are often accompanied by itching.

151

allergy testing

various procedures used to identify specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of the allergen

152

cautery

heat or caustic substances that burn and scar the skin

153

dermabrasion

removal of epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tatoos.

154

dermatoplasty

skin transplantation to a body surface damaged by injury or disease

155

electrosurgery

the removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current

156

escharotomy

an incision made into the necrotic tissue resulting from a severe burn

157

fulguration

electrodesiccation; a technique using an electrical spark to burn or destroy tissue

158

liposuction

aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours

159

skin biopsy

the removal of a small piece of tissue from a skin lesion for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis

160

skin graft

a process of placing tissue on the recipient site, taken from a donor site to provide the protective mechanisms of skin to an area unable to regenerate skin (as in third-degree burns).

161

wood's lamp

an ultraviolet light used to examine the scalp and skin for the purpose of observing fungal spores

162

Bx, bx

biopsy

163

decub.

decubitus (ulcer); pressure sore

164

derm.

dermatology

165

DLE

discoid lupus erythematosus

166

EAHF

eczema, asthma and hayfever

167

FANA

fluorescent antinuclear antibody

168

FS

frozen section

169

ID

intradermal

170

I&D

incision and drainage

171

LE

(systemic) lupus erythematosus

172

PPD

purified protein derivative

173

PSS

progressive systemic scleroderma

174

subq.

subcutaneous

175

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

176

ung.

ointment

177

UV

ultraviolet (light)

178

XP, XDP

xeroderma pigmentosum