membrane that lines the abdominal wall
contains the organs on the front, or “belly side” of the body
contains the organs of the back side of the body
Divisions of the back
cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx
dorsal cavity subdivisions
cranial cavity, spinal cavity
4 abdominal quadrants
right upper quadrant (RUQ), Left upper quadrant (LUQ), right lower quadrant (RLQ), left lower quadrant (LLQ) center of quadrants - umbillicus (navel)
3 types of muscle tissue
smooth muscle/visceral muscle,
4 main types of tissue
loins, lower back
“a body” of a specified type
belly, front side
separated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm
contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys
space between diaphragm and the groin
includes abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity
a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form
means the person is standing with arms at the sides and the palms turned forward. Head and feet are also pointing forward.
pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
pertaining to the tail
smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
consisting of the first seven segments of the spinal column.
C1 through C7
the threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body.
The tailbone. Located at the very end of the vertebral column, the coccyx results from the fusion of 4 individual coccygeal bones in the child.
Tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
pertaining to the skull or cranium
cavity that contains the brain
study of cells
gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell. It contains cell organs, called organelles, which carry out essential functions of the cell
away from the surface and toward the inside of the body
away from or farthest from the trunk of the body or farthest from the point of origin of a body part
pertaining to the back or the posterior
the back or posterior surface
any abnormal development of tissues or organs; “disordered formation”
The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the ribs
The tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body; it also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs.
any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planes and dividing the body into front and back portions (aka. coronal plane)
segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
an increase in the number of cells of a body part
The right and left regions of the upper abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs; located on either side of the epigastic region
the middle section of the lower abdomen; beneath the umbilical region
incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells
below or downward toward the tail or feet
the right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; also call the iliac region
a flat, circular, plate-like structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion (a shock absorber) between the vertebrae
Toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body
The long axis of the body; the imaginary line created by directing a vertical line through the middle of the body from the top of the head to a space equidistant between the feet; essentially the midline of the body
the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
The largest and the strongest of the vertebrae of the spinal column, located in the lower back. The lumbar vertebrae consist of five large segments of the movable part of the spinal column; identified as L1 through L5
Cell organs (or organelles) that contain various types of enzymes that function in intracellular digestion. They destroy bacteria by digesting them.
A point on the right sides of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
toward the midline of the body
pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space.
the imaginary “line” created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves
the plane that divides the body (or a structure) into right and left equal portions.
cell organs (or organelles), which provide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions.
a point on the left side of the abdomen, about halfway between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
the tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
the umbilicus; the belly button
the new and abnomral development of cells that may be benign or malignant
tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body, thereby activating, coordinating, and controlling the many functions of the body
the central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane
tissues arranged together to perform a special function
the lower front cavity of the body located beneath the abdominal cavity; contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
a specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body ad is reflected over the contained viscera
imaginary slices (or cuts) made through the body as if a dividing sheet were passed though the body at a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different angle.
Pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
Pertaining to the back of the body
a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn downward and backward
lying facedown on the abdomen
toward or nearest to the trunk of the body or nearest to the point of origin of a body part
cell organs (or organelles) that synthesize proteins; often called the cells “protein factories”
the singular triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the 5 individual sacral bones of the child.
muscle that is attached to bone and is responsible for the movement of the skeleton
muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines
the cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord; also known as the spinal canal
pertaining to the surface of the body or near the surface
above or upward toward the head
a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
lying horizontally on the back, faceup
organs that work together to perform the many functions of the body as a whole
the chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea
the second segment of 12 vertebrae that make up the vertebral bones of the chest; identified as T1 through T12
a group of cells that performs specialized functions
any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes, dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar region and direction beneath the epigastric region
the navel; also call the belly button
pertaining to the front; belly side
Pertaining to the internal organs
muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines.