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Medical Terminology > Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (226):
1

abduct

to move away from the midline of the body

2

aberrant

wandering away from

3

acrodermatitis

inflammation of the skin of the extremeties

4

adduct

movement toward the midline of the body

5

adenopathy

disease of a gland

6

albinism

condition of abnormally white skin; characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes

7

albino

person who has a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair, and skin; has abnormally white skin

8

ambidextrous

able to use both hands well

9

ambilateral

pertaining to both sides

10

amenorrhea

absense of menstruation

11

amniocentesis

surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove fluid for laboratory analysis; an obstetrical procedure

12

analgesia

without sensitivity to pain

13

anaplasia

without formation or development

14

anesthesia

without feeling

15

anesthetize

to induce a state of anesthesia; to make one "feelingless"

16

antecubital

"the space" in front of the elbow

17

antidote

a drug or other substance that opposes [works against] the action of a poison

18

apnea

without breathing

19

appendectomy

surgical removal of the appendix

20

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

21

arteriole

smallest branch of the arterial circulation; small artery

22

arteriorhexis

ruture of an artery

23

arthrodesis

fixation of a join by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces

24

auditory

pertaining to hearing

25

autograft

a graft transferred from one part of a patient's body to another

26

bicuspid

having two cusps or points

27

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

28

biologist

one who specializes in the study of living things

29

biology

the study of life

30

biopsy

removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or part of the body for "viewing" under a microscope

31

bradycardia

slow heartbeat

32

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

33

cardialgia

pain in the heart, heart pain

34

cardioarterial

pertaining to the heart and arteries

35

cardiocentesis

surgical puncture of the heart

36

cardiologist

one who specializes in the study of diseases and disorders of the heart

37

Cardiology

The study f the heart

38

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

39

cardiomyopathy

any disease that affects the structure and function of the heart

40

cardiopulmonary

pertainnig to the heart and lungs

41

carditis

Inflammation of the heart

42

caudad

toward the tail or end of the body

43

cephalalgia

pain in the head

44

cephalodynia

pain in the head

45

chlorophyll

green pigment in plans that accomplishes photosynthesis

46

cholelithiasis

abnormal presence of gallstones in the gallbladder

47

circumduction

movement around in a circle

48

circumoral

around the mouth

49

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver with resultant yellowness of the liver and skin

50

coccus

singular bacterium

51

colostomy

surgical creation of a new opening between the colon and the surface of the body

52

colpopexy

surgical fixation of a relaxed vaginal wall

53

colpoptosis

prolapse of the vagina

54

conduction

process in which heat is transferred from one substance to another

55

congenital

born with

56

contraceptive

any device or technique that prevents [works against] conception

57

contraindication

against what is indicated

58

corpus luteum

a yellow glandular mass on the surface of the ovary that forms after ovarian follicle rutrues and release a mature ovum.

59

cyanoderma

slighlty bluish, grayis, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin

60

cyanotic

pertaining to blueness

61

cystocele

herniation or protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina

62

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

63

dermatology

the study of the skin

64

dermatome

instrument used to cut the skin

65

dermatosis

any condition of the skin

66

descend

to come down from

67

diagnosis

knowledge through testing

68

dialysis

the removal or detachment of certain elements from the blood or lymph by passing them through a semipermeable membrane

69

discharge

to release a substance or object [to free it from its location]

70

dislocation

the displacement [undoing] of any part of the body from it's normal position

71

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

72

duodenum

first part of the small intestine

73

dysmenorrhea

painful menstrual flow

74

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

75

ectopic

outside of its nomral location

76

electrocardiogram

record of the electrical activity of the heart

77

electrocardiograph

instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart

78

electrocardiography

the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart

79

endocardium

within the heart, the inner lining of the heart

80

endocervical

pertaining to the inner lining of the cervix

81

endoscope

instrument used to look inside the body

82

enuresis

condition of urinary incontinence; bed-wetting

83

eosinophil

bilobed leukocyte that stains red, rosy color with an acid dye

84

epigastric

upon the stomach

85

erythrocyte

mature red blood cell

86

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus

87

eupnea

normal breathing

88

exhale

to breathe out

89

exogenous

originating outside the body

90

extract

to remove a tooth from [away from] the oral cavity

91

extrahepatic

outside of the liver

92

febrile

pertaining to fever

93

gastralgia

pain in the stomach

94

gastrectasia

stretching or dilatation of the stomach

95

gastrectasis

stretching or dilatation of the stomach

96

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

97

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

98

gastrorrhagia

bursting forth of blood from the stomach

99

gastrostomy

creating a new opening into the stomach

100

geriatrician

specilalist in the field of study of the aging

101

glaucoma

disorder of the eye due to an increase in intraocular pressure; creates a dull gray gleam of the affected eye

102

glycogen

"that which generates sugar"

103

hemanopsia

blindness in one half of the visual field

104

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

105

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side [half] of the body

106

hemolysate

something that results from hemolysis

107

hemostasis

stopping or controlling the flow of blood

108

heterogeneous

composed of different or unlike substances

109

hirsutism

condition of excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern

110

homeostasis

having the same origins

111

hydrocephalus

an abnomral accumulation of fluid [water] within the head

112

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

113

hyperglycemia

blood condition in which greater than nomral level of glucose is present in the blood; high blood sugar

114

hyperhidrosis

condition of excessive sweating

115

hyperlipemia

an excessive or above normal level of blood fats

116

hyperplasia

excessive formation or development

117

hypodermic

pertaining to under the skin

118

hypoglossal

under the tongue

119

hypoglycemia

blood condition of low or less than normal sugar

120

hypoglycemia

less than normal blood sugar

121

hypoxemia

Less than normal blood oxygen level

122

hypoxemia

less than normal blood oxygen level

123

hysterosalpingectomy

removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes

124

idiosyncrasy

an individual sensitivity to effects of a drug caused by inherited or other bodily consitution factors

125

impotence

an adult male's inability [not able] to achieve penile erection

126

inborn

acquired during intrauterine life

127

incompetent

not capable

128

infraorbital

beneath the bony cavidty in which the eyeball is located

129

infrapatellar

below the knee

130

intercostal

between the ribs

131

intravenous

within a vein

132

intrcardiac

pertaining to within the heart

133

intubate

to insert a tube inside [into] an organ or body cavity

134

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin

135

juxtaarticular

pertaining to a location near a joint

136

keratolytic

agent used to destroy hardened skin

137

leukoblast

immature white blood cell

138

leukocyte

white blood cell

139

leukocytopenia

decrease in the number of white blood cells

140

leukoplakia

white, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis.

141

lipoma

fatty humor

142

lithogenesis

the formation of stones

143

lithogenic

pertaining to the formation of stones

144

lithotripsy

crushing of a stone in the bladder; may be accomplished by ultrasound or by laser

145

lymphadenopathy

any disease of the lymph nodes, elargement of the lymph nodes

146

macula

small, pigmented spot that appears separate from surrounding tissue

147

megalocardia

enlargement of the heart

148

megalomania

mental disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur: the patient believes he or she is someone of great importance

149

melanoma

darkly pigmented cancerous tumor

150

mesoderm

the middle of the three layers of the skin

151

metacarpals

pertaining to the bones after the carpal [wrist] bones; i.e. the hand bones

152

milliliter

one-thousandth of a liter

153

monocyte

a white cell with a singular nucleus

154

mucoid

resembling mucus

155

multigravida

a woman who has been pregnant more than once; "many pregnancies"

156

multipara

to bear many "children"

157

myoelectric

pertaining to the electrical propeties of the muscle

158

myopathy

abnormal condition of the muscle

159

myopia

a condition of nearsightedness

160

narcolepsy

seizure or sudden attack of sleep

161

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and throat

162

necrophilia

abnormal attraction to dead bodies

163

necrophobia

abnormal fear of death and dead bodies

164

nephrorrhaphy

the operation of suturing the kidney

165

neurological

pertaining to the study of the nerves

166

noninvasive

pertaining to a diagnostic or therapeutic technique that does not require the skin to be broken [not invaded] or a cavity or organ to be entered.

167

nullipara

a woman who has borne no children

168

obstetrician

specialist in the field of study of pregnancy and childbirth

169

ophthalmoscope

instrument used to view the interior of the eye

170

ophthalmoscopy

the process of using an ophthalmoscope to view the interior of the eye

171

osteoclasis

intentional surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity

172

pancarditis

inflammation of the entire heart [all]

173

paracervical

near, or beside, the cervix

174

paraplegia

condition of paralysis of the lower half of the body

175

pediatrician

physician who treats children

176

pediatrics

field of medicine that deals with children

177

pelvimeter

instrument used to measure the diameter and capacity of the pelvis

178

pelvimetry

process of measuring the dimensions of the pelvis

179

percussion

striking through

180

perianal

around the anus

181

pericardial

pertaining to around the heart (pertaining to the pericardium (the sac that surrounds the heart)

182

pharmacist

practitioner who prepares/dispenses drugs/medications

183

phlebotomy

incision into a vein

184

podiatry

treatment of diseases and disorders of the foot

185

poliomyelitis

inflmammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord

186

polyarthritis

inflammation of many joints

187

polyuria

the excretion of large amounts [much] urine

188

postcibal

after meals

189

precordial

the region "of the chest wall" in front of the heart

190

primigravida

first pregnancy

191

prognosis

knowledge before

192

pseudoanorexia

"false anorexia"; a condition in which an individual eats secretly while claiming a lack of appetite and inability to eat

193

psychiatrist

specialist in the study, treatment, and prevention of mental illness

194

psychiatry

field of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness

195

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

196

purpura

collection of blood beneath the skin in the form of pinpoint hemorrhages appearing as red/purple skin discolorations

197

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four extremitites

198

radiographer

one who takes and processes X-rays

199

reactivate

to make active again

200

relaxation

the process of reducing tention, as a muscle when it relaxes after contraction

201

retrocecal

pertaining to the region behind the cecum

202

retroflexion

an abnormal position of an organ in which the organ is tilted backward

203

rhinnorrhea

flow or drainage from the nose

204

rhinolith

stone or calculus in the nose

205

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose in which the structure of the nose is changed

206

rubella

a contagious viral disease characerized by fever, coldlike symptomes, and a diffuse, fine red rash [also Germain measles]

207

semiconscious

half conscious

208

spermicide

chemical substance that kills spermatozoa

209

subcutaneous

under the skin

210

sublingual

under the tongue

211

suprapubic

above, or over, the pubic area

212

sympathetic

displaying compassion for another's grief; literally, "joined in disease"

213

syndrome

a group of symptoms joined by a common cause; "running together"

214

tachycardia

rapid heartbeat

215

tetraplegia

paralysis of both arms and both legs, also known as quadriplegia

216

thoracic

pertaining to the thorax

217

transurethral

across, or through, the urethra

218

triceps

"a muscle" having three heads

219

ultrasound

sound waves at the very high frequency of more than 20,000 vibrations per second

220

unilateral

pertaining to one side

221

uninuclear

"a cell" having one nucleus

222

venostasis

the trapping or "standing still" of blood in an extremity

223

venous

pertaining to veins

224

ventricular

pertaining to the ventricle

225

venule

smallest vein that collects blood from a capillary

226

xanthoderma

yellow coloration of the skin