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Medical Terminology > Male Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Reproductive System Deck (124):
1

asymptomatic

without symptoms

2

bulbourethral glands

a pair of pea-size glands that empty into the urethra just before it extend through the penis; also known as Cowper's glands

3

chancre

a skin lesion, usually of primary syphilis, that begins at the site of infection as a small raised area and develops into a red painless ulcer with a scooped-out appearance; also known as a venereal sore

4

Cowper's glands

a pair of pea-size glands that empty into the urethra just before it extend through the penis; also known as Cowper's glands

5

cryosurgery

use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue. The coolant is circulated through a metal probe, chilling it as low as -160C. When the probe touches the tissues of the body, the moist tissue adhere to the cold metal of the probe and freeze.

6

debridement

the removal of dirt, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound or a burn to prevent infection and promote healing

7

dormant

inactive

8

dysuria

painful urination

9

ejaculation

the process of ejecting, or expelling, the semen from the male urethra

10

epididymectomy

surgical removal of the epididymis

11

epididymis

a tightly coiled tubule that resembles a comma. Its purpose is that of housing the sperm until they mature, becoming fertile and motile. Mature sperm are stored in the lower portion of the epidiymis

12

epididymitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the epididymis. This condition can be the result of a urinary tract infection, prolonged use of indwelling catheters, or venereal disease in males.

13

exudate

fluid, pus or serum slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes.

14

flaccid

weak; lacking muscle tone

15

foreskin

a loose, retractable fold of skin covering the tip of the penis; also called prepuce.

16

glans penis

the tip of the penis

17

gonad

the male sex glands, which are called testes (singular: testis or testicle). These are the primary organs of the male reproductive system

18

Kaposi's sarcoma

a malignant growth that begins as soft, brownish or purple raise areas on the feet and slowly spreads in the skin, spreading to the lymph nodes and internal organs. It occurs most often in men and is associated with AIDS

19

malaise

a vague feeling of bodily weakness or discomfort, often marking the onset of disease

20

malodorous

foul smelling; having a bad odor

21

motility

the ability to move spontaneously

22

mucopurulent

Characteristic of a combination of mucus and pus

23

opportunistic infection

an infection caused by normally non-disease-producing organisms that sets up in a host whose resistance has been decreased by surgery, illnesses, and disorders such as AIDS

24

orchidopexy

surgical fixation of an undescended testicle.

25

orchiopexy

surgical fixation of an undescended testicle.

26

palpatation

a technique used in physical examinations that involves feeling parts of the body with the hands.

27

pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation of the upper female genital tract (cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes [also known as salpingitis]; may be associated with sexually transmitted diseases.

28

perineum

the area between the scrotum and the anus in the male and between the vulva and anus in the female

29

prepuce

a loose, retractable fold of skin covering the tip of the penis; also called foreskin.

30

prophylactic

any agent or regimen that contributes to the prevention of infection and disease.

31

prostate gland

a gland that surround the base of the urethra, which secretes a milky-colored secretion in to the urethra during ejaculation. This secretion enhances the motility of the sperm and helps to neutralize the secretions within the vagina

32

prostatectomy

removal of all or part of the prostate gland.

33

purulent

producing or containing pus

34

rectoscope

an instrument used to view the rectum that has a cutting and cauterizing (burning) loop. Also known as a proctoscope

35

resectoscope

an instrument used to remove tissue surgically from the body. It has a light source and lens attached for viewing the area.

36

residual urine

urine that remains in the bladder after urination

37

residual urine test

obtaining a catheterized specimen after the patient has emptied the bladder by voiding, to determine the amount of urine remaining in the bladder; also known as a residual specimen. It may also be determined by ultrasound and bladder scan.

38

salpingitis

Inflammation of the fallopian tubes; also known as pelvic inflammatory disease

39

scrotum

an external sac that houses the testicles. It is located posterior to the penis and is suspended from the perineum.

40

semen

a combination of sperm and various secretions that is expelled form the body through the urethra during sexual intercourse.

41

seminal vesicles

glands that secrete a thick, yellowish fluid (known as seminal fluid) into the vas deferens.

42

seminiferous tubules

specialized coils of tiny tubules responsible for production of sperm; located in the testes.

43

spermatozoan

a mature male germ cell; also known as spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa)

44

spermatozoon

a mature male germ cell; also known as spermatozoan (plural: spermatozoa)

45

testicles

the male gonads, or male sex glands, responsible for production of spermatozoa (the male germ cell) and for the secretion of the male hormone testosterone

46

testosterone

a male hormone secreted by the testes, responsible for the secondary sex characteristic changes that occur in the male with the onset of puberty. These changes include growth of facial hair (beard), growth of pubic hair, and deepening of the voice

47

truss

an apparatus worn to prevent or block the herniation of the intestines or other organ through an opening in the abdominal wall.

48

urethra

a small, tubular structure extending the length of the penis that transports urine fro the bladder (and semen, when ejaculate) to the outside of the body.

49

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

50

vas deferens

the narrow, straight tube that transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct.

51

vesicles

blisters; small raised skin lesions containing clear fluid.

52

anorchism

the absence of one or both testicles

53

balanitis

inflammatin of the glans penis and the mucous membrane beneath it

54

benign prostatic hypertorphy

a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra or neck of the bladder (causing obstruction of the flow of urine)

55

carcinoma of the prostrate

malignant growth within the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra.

56

carcinoma of the testes

a malignant tumor of the testicle that appears as a painless lump in the testicle; also called testicular cancer

57

cryptorchidism

condition of undescended testicle(s); the absence of one or both testicles from the scrotum.

58

epispadias

a congenital defect (birth defect) in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis at some point near the glans

59

hydrocele

an accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord.

60

hypospadias

a congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end.

61

impotence

The inability of a male to achieve or sustain an erection of the penis.

62

inguinal hernia

a protrusion of a part of the intestine through a weakened spot in the muscles and membranes of the inguinal region of the abdomen. The intestine pushes into, and sometimes fills, the entire scrotal sac in the male.

63

orchitis

inflammation of the testes due to a virus, bacterial infection or injury. The condition omay affect one or both testes. Typically results from the mumps virus

64

phimosis

a tightness of the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis that prevents it from being pulled back. The opening of the foreskin narrows due to the tightness and may cause some difficulty with urination.

65

premature ejaculation

the discharge seminal fluid prior to complete erection of the penis or immediately after the penis has been introduced into the vaginal canal.

66

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

67

varicocele

an abnormal dilatation of the veins of the spermatic cord leading to the testicle.

68

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS is a deadly virus that destroys the body's immune system by invading the helper T lymphocytes (T cells), which play an import part in the body's immune response. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replicates itself within the T cells, destroys the lymphocyte, and then invades other lymphocytes

69

chlamydia

a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) in women and inflammation of the urethra (urethritis) and the epididymis (epididymitis) in men.

70

genital herpes

a highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia; also known as venereal herpes. Caused by the herpes simplex virus (usually HSV-2), it is transmitted by direct contact with infected body secretions (usually through sexual intercourse). It differs from other sexually transmitted diseases in that it can recur spontaneously once the virus has been acquired.

71

genital warts

small, cauliflower-like, fleshy growths usually seen along the penis in the male and in or near the vagina in women. It is transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The tie span from initial contact with the virus to occurrence of symptoms can be from one to six months

72

gonorrhea

a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in mend and women. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner and can also be passed on from an infected mother to her infant during the birth process (as the baby passes through the vaginal canal). Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative organism.

73

syphillis

a sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that my involve any organ or tissue. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner and can also be passed through the placenta from an infected mother to her unborn infant. The spirochete Treponema pallijum is the causative organism of this highly contagious disease. If left untreated, this disease progresses through three stages (each with characteristic signs and symptoms): primary syphillis, secondary syphillis, and tertiary syphilis.

74

trichomoniasis

a sexually transmitted protozoal infection of the vagina, urethra, or prostate. It is usually spread by sexual intercourse and affects approximately 15% of all sexually active people. The causative organism is Trichomonas vaginalis

75

castration

the surgical removal of the testicles in the male (or the ovaries in the female); also known as an orchidectomy or orchiectomy in the male and as an oophorectomy in the female

76

anorchism

the absence of one or both testicles

77

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis and the mucous membrane beneath it

78

benign prostatic hypertorphy

a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra or neck of the bladder (causing obstruction of the flow of urine)

79

carcinoma of the prostrate

malignant growth within the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra.

80

carcinoma of the testes

a malignant tumor of the testicle that appears as a painless lump in the testicle; also called testicular cancer

81

cryptorchidism

condition of undescended testicle(s); the absence of one or both testicles from the scrotum.

82

epispadias

a congenital defect (birth defect) in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis at some point near the glans

83

hydrocele

an accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord.

84

hypospadias

a congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end.

85

impotence

The inability of a male to achieve or sustain an erection of the penis.

86

inguinal hernia

a protrusion of a part of the intestine through a weakened spot in the muscles and membranes of the inguinal region of the abdomen. The intestine pushes into, and sometimes fills, the entire scrotal sac in the male.

87

orchitis

inflammation of the testes due to a virus, bacterial infection or injury. The condition omay affect one or both testes. Typically results from the mumps virus

88

phimosis

a tightness of the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis that prevents it from being pulled back. The opening of the foreskin narrows due to the tightness and may cause some difficulty with urination.

89

premature ejaculation

the discharge seminal fluid prior to complete erection of the penis or immediately after the penis has been introduced into the vaginal canal.

90

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

91

varicocele

an abnormal dilatation of the veins of the spermatic cord leading to the testicle.

92

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS is a deadly virus that destroys the body's immune system by invading the helper T lymphocytes (T cells), which play an import part in the body's immune response. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replicates itself within the T cells, destroys the lymphocyte, and then invades other lymphocytes

93

chlamydia

a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) in women and inflammation of the urethra (urethritis) and the epididymis (epididymitis) in men.

94

genital herpes

a highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia; also known as venereal herpes. Caused by the herpes simplex virus (usually HSV-2), it is transmitted by direct contact with infected body secretions (usually through sexual intercourse). It differs from other sexually transmitted diseases in that it can recur spontaneously once the virus has been acquired.

95

genital warts

small, cauliflower-like, fleshy growths usually seen along the penis in the male and in or near the vagina in women. It is transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The tie span from initial contact with the virus to occurrence of symptoms can be from one to six months

96

gonorrhea

a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in mend and women. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner and can also be passed on from an infected mother to her infant during the birth process (as the baby passes through the vaginal canal). Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative organism.

97

syphillis

a sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that my involve any organ or tissue. It is spread by sexual intercourse with an infected partner and can also be passed through the placenta from an infected mother to her unborn infant. The spirochete Treponema pallijum is the causative organism of this highly contagious disease. If left untreated, this disease progresses through three stages (each with characteristic signs and symptoms): primary syphillis, secondary syphillis, and tertiary syphilis.

98

trichomoniasis

a sexually transmitted protozoal infection of the vagina, urethra, or prostate. It is usually spread by sexual intercourse and affects approximately 15% of all sexually active people. The causative organism is Trichomonas vaginalis

99

circumcision

a surgical procedure in which the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis is removed.

100

cystoscopy

the process of viewing the interior of the bladder by using a cystoscope

101

FTA-ABS test

a serological test for syphillis (performed on blood serum). The acronym stands for fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorbtion test.

102

intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

also known as intravenous pyelography or excretory urogram, this radiographic procedure provides visualization of the entire urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra). A contrast dye is injected intravenously, and multiple x-ray films are taken as the medium is cleared from the blood by the glomerular filrtation of the kidney.

103

orchidectomy

the surgical removal of the testicle.

104

radical prostatectomy

a radical prostatectomy is the surgical removal of the entire prostate gland as a treatment for cancer.

105

semen analysis

an assessment of a sample of semen for volume, viscosity, sperm count, sperm motility, and percentage of any abnormal sperm

106

suprapubic prostatectomy

the surgical removal of the prostate gland by making an incision into the abdominal wall, just above the pubic bone.

107

transurethral resection of the prostate

the surgical removal of a portion of the prostate gland by inserting a resectoscope (an instrument used to remove tissue from the body) through the urethra and into the bladder.

108

vasectomy

a surgical cutting and typing of the vas deferens to prevent the passage of sperm, consequently preventing pregnancy; male sterilization

109

VDRL test

a serological tst for syphilis (test performed on blood serum); widely used to test for primary and secondary syphilis. The acroym stands for Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test

110

wet mount; wet prep

the microscopic examination of fresh vaginal or male urethral secretions to test for the presence of living organisms.

111

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

112

DRE

digital rectal exam

113

FTA-ABS

fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption test; a serologicl test for syphilis

114

GC

gonorrhea; gonococcus

115

GU

genitourinary

116

HSV-2

herpes simplex virus, strain 2

117

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

118

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder; an x-ray of the urinary tract, using no contrast medium

119

NGU

nongonococcal urethritis

120

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

121

STS

serological test for syphilis

122

TSE

testicular self-examination

123

TUR, TURP

transurethral resection f the prostate gladn

124

VDRL

venereal disease research laboratory