Word Elements Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Word Elements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Word Elements Deck (660):
1

abdomin/o

abdomen

2

ana-

not, without

3

anter/o

front

4

cervic/o

neck; cervix

5

coccyg/o

coccyx

6

crani/o

skull, cranium

7

cyt/o

cell

8

dors/o

back

9

dys-

bad, difficult, painful, disordered

10

epi-

upon, over

11

hist/o

tissue

12

hypo-

under, below, beneath, less than normal

13

-iac

pertaining to

14

ili/o

ilium

15

inguin/o

groin

16

inter-

between

17

-ion

action, process

18

later/o

side

19

lumb/o

loins, lower back

20

medi/o

middle

21

nucle/o

nucleus

22

pelv/i

pelvis

23

-plasm

living substance

24

poster/o

back

25

proxim/o

near

26

sacr/o

sacrum

27

-some

"a body" of a specified type

28

spin/o

spine

29

thorac/o

chest

30

umbilic/o

navel

31

ventr/o

belly, front side

32

vertebr/o

vertebra

33

viscer/o

internal organs

34

adip/o

fat

35

albin/o

white

36

caut/o

burn

37

cutane/o

skin

38

derm/o

skin

39

dermat/o

skin

40

erythr/o

red

41

hidr/o

sweat

42

hist/o

tissue

43

histi/o

tissue

44

ichthy/o

fish

45

kerat/o

hard, horny

46

leuk/o

white

47

lip/o

fat

48

melan/o

black

49

myc/o

fungus

50

onych/o

nails

51

pil/o

hair

52

scler/o

hard

53

squam/o

scales

54

trich/o

hair

55

xanth/o

yellow

56

xer/o

dryness

57

acetabul/o

acetabulum

58

-blast

embryonic stage of development

59

blast/o

embryonic stage of development

60

calc/o

calcium

61

calc/i

calcium

62

calcane/o

heel bone

63

carp/o

wrist

64

-clast

to break

65

-clastic

to break

66

clauvicul/o

collarbone

67

coccyg/o

coccyx

68

cost/o

ribs

69

crani/o

skull, cranium

70

femor/o

femur

71

fibul/o

fibula

72

gen/o

to produce

73

humer/o

humerus

74

ili/o

ilium

75

ischi/o

ischium

76

kyph/o

humpback; pertaining to a hump

77

lamin/o

lamina

78

lord/o

swayback bent

79

malac/o

softening

80

-malacia

softening

81

mandibul/o

mandible (lower jaw bone)

82

mastoid/o

mastoid process

83

maxill/o

upper jaw

84

metacarp/o

hand bones

85

metatars/o

foot bones

86

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow

87

olecran/o

elbow

88

orth/o

straight

89

oste/o

bone

90

patell/o

kneecap

91

patell/a

kneecap

92

pelv/i

pelvis

93

phalang/o

fingers, toes

94

-physis

growth, growing

95

por/o

cavity, opening, passage, or pore

96

-porosis

porous; lessening in density

97

pub/o

pubis

98

rach/i

spinal column

99

radi/o

radiation; also refers to the radius

100

scapul/o

shoulder blade

101

scoli/o

crooked, bent

102

spondyl/o

vertebra

103

sten/o

short, contracted or narrow

104

stern/o

sternum

105

tars/o

ankle bones

106

tempor/o

temples of the head

107

vertebr/o

vertebra

108

sphen/o

wedge

109

-oid

resembling

110

hemat/o

blood

111

-poiesis

formation of

112

cry/o

cold

113

bi-

two, double

114

hemi-

half

115

milli-

one-thousandth

116

mono-

one, single

117

nulli-

none

118

primi-

first

119

quadri-

four

120

semi-

half

121

tetra-

four

122

tri-

three

123

uni-

one

124

hyper-

excessive

125

hyp-

under, below, beneath, less than normal

126

hypo-

under, below, beneath, less than normal

127

multi-

many

128

poly-

many, much, excessive

129

ab-

from, away from

130

ad-

toward, increase

131

ambi-

both, both sides

132

ante-

before, in front

133

circum-

around

134

de-

down, from

135

dia-

through

136

ecto-

outside

137

endo-

within, inner

138

epi-

upon, over

139

ex-

out, away from, outside

140

exo-

outside, outward

141

extra-

outside, beyond

142

in-

in, inside, within, not

143

infra-

beneath, below, under

144

inter-

between

145

intra-

within

146

juxta-

near, beside

147

meso-

middle

148

para-

near, beside, beyond, two like parts

149

peri-

around

150

pre-

before, in front

151

pro-

in front, before

152

re-

back, again

153

retro-

backward, behind

154

sub-

under, below

155

supra-

above, over

156

trans-

across, through

157

alb-

white

158

albin/o

white

159

chlor/o

green

160

cirrh/o

yellow, tawny

161

cyan/o

blue

162

eosin/o

red, rosy

163

erythr/o

red

164

glauc/o

gray, silver

165

jaund/o

yellow

166

lute/o

yellow

167

leuk/o

white

168

melan/o

black

169

poli/o

gray

170

purpur/o

purple

171

rube-

red

172

xanth/o

yellow

173

a-

without, not, no

174

an-

without, not, no

175

ana-

not, without

176

anti-

against

177

contra-

against

178

dis-

free of, to undo

179

im-

not

180

in-

in, inside, within, not

181

non-

not

182

auto-

self

182

bio-

life

182

bio-

life

183

aut/o

self

184

brady-

slow

184

brady-

slow

185

circum-

around

185

circum-

around

186

con-

together, with

187

de-

down, from

188

eu-

well, easily, good, normal

189

hetero-

different

190

homeo-

likeness, same

191

homo-

same

192

hydro-

water

193

idio-

individual

194

meta-

beyond, after

195

pan-

all

196

per-

through

197

post-

after, behind

198

pseudo-

false

199

sym-

joined, together

200

syn-

joined, together

201

tachy-

rapid

202

trans-

across

203

ultra-

beyond, excess

204

-centesis

surgical puncture

205

-clasis

crushing or breaking up

206

-desis

binding or surgical fusion

207

-ectomy

surgical removal

208

-gram

record or picture

209

-graph

an instrument used to record

210

-graphy

process of recording

211

-ize

to make; to treat or combine with

212

-lysis

destruction or detachment

213

-meter

an instrument used to measure

214

-metry

the process of measuring

215

-opsy

process of viewing

216

-pexy

surgical fixation

217

-plasty

surgical repair

218

-rrhaphy

suturing

219

-scope

an instrument used to view

220

-scopy

the process of viewing with a scope

221

-stomy

the surgical creation of a new opening

222

-tomy

incision into

223

-tripsy

intentional crushing

224

-a

noun ending

225

-ac

pertaining to

226

-ad

toward, increase

227

-al

pertaining o

228

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

229

-algia

pain

230

-ar

pertaining to

231

-ary

pertaining to; relating to

232

-ate

something that...

233

-cele

swelling or herniation

234

-cide

to kill; to destroy

235

-cyte

cell

236

-dynia

pain

237

-e

noun ending

238

-eal

pertaining to

239

-ectasia

stretching or dilation

240

-ectasis

stretching or dilation

241

-emia

blood condition

242

-er

one who

243

-esis

condition of

244

-gen

that which generates

245

-genesis

generating; formation

246

-genic

pertaining to; formation, producing

247

-gram

record or picture

248

-graph

an instrument used to record

249

-graphy

process of recording

250

-gravida

pregnancy

251

-ia

condition

252

-ian

specialist in a afield of study

253

-iasis

presence of an abnormal condition

254

-iatric(s)

relating to the field of medicine, physicians, or treatment

255

-iatrician

one who treats, a physician

256

-iatrist

one who treats a physician

257

-iatry

medical treatment, medical profession

258

-ic

pertaining to

259

-ical

pertaining to

260

-ician

specialist in a field of study

261

-ile

pertaining to; capable

262

-ion

action; process

263

-ism

condition

264

-ist

practicioner

265

-itis

inflammation

266

-ize

to make, to treat or combine with

267

-lepsy

seizure or attack

268

-lith

stone

269

-lithiasis

presence or formation of stones

270

-logy

the study of

271

-logist

one who specializes in the field of study

272

-lysis

destruction or detachment

273

-lytic

destruction

274

-mania

a mental disorder; a "madness"

275

-megaly

enlargement

276

-meter

an instrument used to measure

277

-metry

the process of measuring

278

-oid

resembling

279

-ole

small or little

280

-oma

tumor

281

-opia

visual condition

282

-opsia

visual condition

283

-opsy

process of viewing

284

-ory

pertaining to

285

-osis

condition

286

-ous

pertaining to

287

-pathy

disease

288

-penia

decrease in; deficiency

289

-pexy

surgical fixation

290

-philia

attraction to

291

-phobia

abnormal fear

292

-plasia

formation or development

293

-plasty

surgical repair

294

-plegia

paralysis

295

-pnea

breathing

296

-ptosis

drooping or prolapse

297

-rrhagia

excessive flow or discharge

298

-rrhaphy

suturing

299

-rrhea

discharge; flow

300

-rrhexis

rupture

301

-scope

an instrument used to view

302

-scopy

the process of viewing with a scope

303

-stasis

stopping or controlling

304

-stomy

the surgical creation of a new opening

305

-tic

pertaining to

306

-tion

process of

307

-tomy

incision into

308

-tripsy

intentional crushing

309

-ula

small, little

310

-ule

"small one"

311

-um

a suffix that identifies singular nouns

312

-uria

a characteristic of the urine

313

-us

a suffix that identifies singular nouns

314

-y

condition; process (noun ending)

315

-neo

new

316

cardi/o

heart

317

gastr/o

stomach

318

chondr/i

cartilage

319

peritone/o

peritoneum

320

skelet/o

skeleton

321

hem/o

blood

322

angi/o

vessel

323

macr/o

large

324

phag/o

to eat

325

pachy

thick

326

par/o

beside, beyond, near

327

seb/o

sebum

328

ungu/o

nail

329

canci/o

cancer

330

sarc/o

flesh

331

kel/o

fibrous growth

332

crypt/o

hidden

333

capit/o

head

334

corpor/o

body

335

crur/o

leg or thigh

336

ped/o

foot

337

chondr/o

cartilage

338

bucc/o

cheek

339

electr/o

electrical, electricity

340

fasci/o

band of fibrous tissue

341

fibr/o

fiber

342

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

343

my/o

muscle

344

myos/o

muscle

345

pector/o

pertaining to the chest

346

rhabdomy/o

striated muscle, skeletal muscle

351

troph/o

development

352

ankyl/o

stiff

353

arthr/o

joint

354

articul/o

joint

355

burs/o

bursa

356

ligament/o

ligament

357

ten/o

tendon

358

tendin/o

tendon

359

tend/o

tendon

360

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

361

-asthenia

strength

362

cerebell/o

cerebellum

363

cerebr/o

cerebellum

364

encephal/o

brain

365

-esthesia

sensation or feeling

366

esthesi/o

feeling, sensation

367

gli/o

neuroglia or gluey substance

368

-kinesia

movement

369

kinesi/o

movement

370

-lexia

reading

371

mening/o

meninges

372

narc/o

sleep

373

neur/o

nerve

374

-paresis

partial paralysis

375

-phasia

partial paralysis

376

-plegia

paralysis

377

-praxia

perform

378

thec/o

sheath

379

ton/o

tension, tone

380

ventricul/o

ventricle of the heart or brain

381

agglutin/o

to clump

382

aniso-

unequal

383

bas/o

base

384

chrom/o

color

385

coagul/o

clotting

386

-globin

containing protein

387

is/o

equal

388

kary/o

nucleus

389

morph/o

form/shape

390

-phage

to eat

391

-phoresis

transmission

392

poikil/o

varied; irregular

393

sider/o

iron

394

spher/o

round;sphere

395

thromb/o

clot

396

immun/o

immune, protection

397

lymph/o

lymph

398

lymphaden/o

lymph gland

399

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

400

mon/o

one

401

alveol/o

alveolus

402

bronch/o

bronchus

403

bronchiol/o

bronchus

404

epiglott/o

epiglottis

405

laryng/o

larynx

406

nas/o

nose

407

pharyng/o

pharynx

408

phren/o

mind; also refers to the diaphragm

409

pleur/o

pleura

410

pne/o

breathing

411

pneum/o

lungs; air

412

pneumon/o

lungs; air

413

pulmon/o

lungs

414

rhin/o

nose

415

sinus/o

sinus

416

trache/o

trachea

417

aneurysm/o

aneurysm

418

angi/o

vessel

419

arter/o

artery

420

arteri/o

artery

421

arteriol/o

arteriole

422

arther/o

fatty

423

coron/o

heart

424

echo-

sound

425

-algesic

sensitivity to pain

426

-orexia

appetite

427

-systole

contraction of the heart

428

-rhythmia

rhythm

429

hepat/o

liver

430

-lipid/o

fat

431

ox/o

oxygen

432

mal-

bad, poor

433

noct/o

night

434

amyl/o

starch

435

append/o

appendix

436

appendic/o

appendix

437

-ase

enzyme

438

bil/i

bile

439

cec/o

cecum

440

celi/o

pertaining to the abdomen

441

cheil/o

lips

442

chol/e

bile

443

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

444

choledoch/o

common bile duct

445

col/o

colon

446

colon/o

colon

447

dent/o

tooth

448

duoden/o

duodenum

449

-emesis

to vomit

450

enter/o

intestine

451

esophag/o

esophagus

452

gingiv/o

gums

453

gloss/o

tongue

454

gluc/o

sugar, sweet

455

glyc/o

sugar, sweet

456

hepat/o

liver

457

ile/o

ileum

458

jejun/o

jejunum

459

lapar/o

abdominal wall

460

lingu/o

tongue

461

odont/o

teeth

462

or/o

mouth

463

pancreat/o

pancreas

464

-pepsia

state of digestion

465

-phagia

to eat

466

pharyng/o

pharynx

467

peritone/o

peritoneum

468

proct/o

anus or rectum

469

rect/o

rectum

470

sial/o

salivary gland; saliva

471

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

472

-spasm

twitching; involuntary contraction

473

splen/o

spleen

474

steat/o

fat

475

stomat/o

mouth

476

-tresia

perforation

477

aliment/o

nutrition

478

an/o

anus

479

-crine

secrete

480

py/o

pus

481

acr/o

extremities

482

aden/o

gland

483

adren/o

adrenal glands

484

adrenal/o

adrenal glands

485

andr/o

man, male

486

cortic/o

cortex

487

crin/o

secrete

488

-crine

secrete

489

dips/o

thirst

490

-dipsia

thirst

491

gonad/o

sex glands

492

kal/i

potassium

493

lact/o

milk

494

myx/o

relating to mucus

495

natr/i

sodium

496

oxy-

sharp, quick

497

parathyroid/o

parathyroid glands

498

somat/o

body

499

thym/o

thymus gland

500

thr/o

thyroid gland

501

thyroid/o

thryroid gland

502

toxic/o

poisons

503

-ropin

simulating effect of a hormone

504

ambly/o

dull

505

aque/o

watery

506

blephar/o

eyelid

507

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

508

cor/o

pupil

509

corne/o

cornea

510

dacry/o

tears

511

dacryocyst/o

tear sac

512

dipl/o

double

513

ir/o

iris

514

irid/o

iris

515

lacrim/o

tears

516

mi/o

smaller

517

nyct/o

night

518

nyctal/o

night

519

ocul/o

eye

520

ophthalm/o

eye

521

opt/o

eye, vision

522

optic/o

eye, vision

523

palpebr/o

eyelid

524

phac/o

lens

525

phak/o

lens

526

phot/o

light

527

pupill/o

pupil

528

retin/o

retina

529

scot/o

darkness

530

vitre/o

glassy

531

di/a

through

532

ur/o

urine

533

-etic

pertaining to

534

-os

a suffix indicating a singular noun

535

glycos/o

sugar, sweet

536

toc/o

childbirth

537

-in

enzyme

538

-drome

that which runs together

539

phe/o

dusky

540

micr/o

small; smaller

541

cycl/o

ciliary body

542

-tropia

to turn

543

mydr/o

widen

544

metr/o

to measure; uterus

545

presby/o

old age; elderly

546

ne/o

new

547

nat/i

pertaining to birth

548

goni/o

angle

549

pachy-

thick

550

acous/o

hearing

551

audi/o

hearing

552

audit/o

hearing

553

labyrinth/o

inner ear

554

myring/o

eardrum

555

ot/o

ear

556

tympan/o

eardrum

557

aur/o

ear

558

auricul/o

ear

559

bar/o

pressure

560

cochle/o

cochlea

561

salping/o

eustachian tube; also refers to fallopian tubes

562

ser/o

blood serum

563

staped/o

stapes

564

albumin/o

albumin, protein

565

azot/o

nitrogen

566

bacteri/o

bacteria

567

cali/o

calyx, calyces

568

calic/o

calyx, calyces

569

cyst/o

bladder, sac, or cyst

570

glomerul/o

glomerulus

571

ket/o

ketone bodies

572

keton/o

ketone bodies

573

meat/o

meatus

574

nephr/o

kidney

575

noct/i

night

576

olig/o

few, little, scanty

577

pyel/o

renal pelvis

578

ren/o

kidney

579

ureter/o

ureter

580

urethr/o

urethra

581

urin/o

urine

582

vesic/o

urinary bladder

583

balan/o

glans penis

584

epididym/o

epididymis

585

orch/o

testicle

586

orchi/o

testicle

587

orchid/o

testicle

588

prostat/o

prostate gland

589

semin/i

semen

590

sperm/o

sperm

591

spermat/o

sperm

592

test/o

testis, testes

593

vas/o

vessel; also refers to vas deferens

594

zo/o

animal (man)

595

-arche

beginning

596

colp/o

vagina

597

gynec/o

woman

598

hyster/o

uterus

599

mamm/o

breast

600

mast/o

breast

601

men/o

menstruation

602

metr/o

uterus

603

o/o

egg, ovum

604

oophor/o

ovary

605

ov/o

ovum, egg

606

ovari/o

ovary

607

uter/o

uterus

608

vagin/o

vagina

609

vulv/o

vulva

610

muc/o

mucus

611

-trophy

development, growth

612

carcin/o

cancer

613

ven/o

vein

614

sept/o

infection

615

anteri/o

artery

616

lys/o

breakdown or destructoin

617

lith/o

stone, calculus

618

tox/o

poison

619

drom/o

running

620

son/o

sound

621

amni/o

amnion

622

culd/o

cul-de-sac

623

-cyesis

pregnancy

624

episio

vulva

625

fet/o

fetus

626

lact/o

milk

627

nat/o

birth

628

obstetr/o

midwife

629

perine/o

perineum

630

-tocia

labor

631

vagin/o

vagina

632

-para

to bear

633

neo-

new

634

-natal

pertaining to birth

635

pyr/o

fire, heat

636

cephal/o

head

637

omphal/o

navel

638

pedi/a

child

639

rose/o

rose colored

640

tetr/a

four

641

caud/o

tail

642

dist/o

away from

643

axill/o

armpit

644

nom/o

of or relating to usage

645

aort/o

aorta

646

cine-

pertaining to movement

647

fluor/o

luminous

648

tel/e

distance

649

tom/o

to cut

650

chem/o

pertaining to a chemical, drug

651

onc/o

swelling, mass, or rumor

652

papill/o

resembling a nipple

653

scirrh/o

hard

654

cata-

down, under, against, lower

655

hypn/o

sleep

656

ment/o

mind

657

-phoria

emotional state

658

schiz/o

split

659

-thymia

condition of the mind or will

660

geront/o

old age