C21 - Southern France Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C21 - Southern France Deck (72)
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1

Describe the climate of Southern France

It has a warm mediterranean climate
Summer temperatures often in excess of 30C
Mild winters
Low rainfall

2

What are the two main areas of terrain in Southern France?

The foothills of the surrounding mountains
The coastal plains

3

Describe vineyards in the foothills of Southern France

Noticeably cooler, less fertile, better drained

4

What is an additional climatic problem in Southern France?

Strong winds

5

Describe the winds of Southern France

Cool winds blow from the north
The mistral blows down the Rhone
The tramontane blows through the gap between the Pyrenees and the Massif Central

6

What is the biggest grape growing challenge in Southern France?

Drought

7

Despite frequent drought conditions, Southern France can occasionally experience...

Summer floods

8

...varieties account for the majority of Southern France's plantings

Black

9

What ind of varieties are used in Southern France?

Local and international

10

What are the two most important local grape varieties in Southern France?

Grenache and Syrah

11

Where are Syrah and Grenache respectively best suited within Southern France?

Syrah: The cooler sites
Grenache: The warmer, drier sites

12

What is Southern France's third most grown grape variety?

Carignan

13

Describe Carignan in Southern France

High tannin
High acidity
Deep colour
Can lack fruit/finesse

14

In what circumstance can Carignan produce quality wines?

Old vine Carignan in poor soils

15

Where does Carignan's historical popularity in Southern France stem from?

Its ability to produce very high yields

16

What has counteracted Carignan's ability to produce massive yields?

Significantly reduced plantings

17

Which grape is permitted by all AC regulations in Southern France?

Carignan

18

What is the role of Cinsault in Southern France?

It's used in Rose production or to add red fruit flavours to red blends

19

Which grape adds richness, colour and complexity to blends in Southern France?

Mourvèdre

20

Which grapes have a big role in the production of IGP wines in Southern France?

Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon

21

Describe contemporary winemaking in Southern France

Most wines now benefit from modern equipment, improved cellar hygiene, temperature control, oxygen management and judicious use of new and old oak

22

Which additional winemaking practice is practiced by some producers in Southern France

Semi-carbonic maceration

23

What is the chief aim of semi-carbonic maceration in Southern France?

To soften the tannins in Carignan

24

What are the two most widely planted white varieties in Southern France?

Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc

25

What is the third most significant white grape in Southern France?

Viognier

26

What are the most widely planted local varieties in Southern France?

Muscat and Grenache Blanc

27

What is Muscat used for in Southern France?

Production of sweet fortified wines
Dry wines with aromatic, grapey aromas

28

Describe the profile of Grenache Blanc in Southern France

Dry wines
Soft, peachy fruitiness
Full body
Low acidity
Tend to oxidise easily

29

Name five additional local varieties in Southern France and the locales in which they are most prized

Picpoul; Pinet
Mauzac; Limoux
Maccabeu; Rousillon
Rolle; Provence
Clairette; Languedoc and Provence

30

What is the best known of the local varieties in Southern France? Describe the wine

Picpoul
Refreshing, high acidity
Green and citrus fruit flavours