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Flashcards in C23 - Austria Deck (68):
1

Where in Austria is the grape-growing area?

The eastern part

2

Describe the climate of eastern Austria

Cool continental
Short summers and very harsh winters
Cooling northerly winds in the north
Warming easterly winds near the Hungarian border

3

Describe weather variations in Austria

Less here than in northern Europe

4

What is the most widely planted variety in Austria?

Grüner Veltliner

5

Describe wines from Grüner Veltliner at high yields

Fresh but unexciting

6

Describe wines from Grüner Veltliner when grown with care

Full-bodied
Concentrated
High acidity
In youth; citrus or stone fruit with some hints of white pepper
With age; honey and toast

7

Describe the role of oak in the production of Grüner Veltliner in Austria

Majority is fermented and matured in stainless steel, but old oak casks are common
Some maturation may occur in oak barriques

8

What is the second most planted white variety in Austria?

Welschriesling

9

Describe dry Welschriesling

Fresh but simple
Displaying citrus and green apple flavours
High acidity

10

What style of wine is Welschriesling well suited to?

Botrytised dessert wines

11

What is the third most widely planted white variety in Austria?

Riesling

12

Where in Austria are the best examples of Riesling from?

Wachau, Kamptal and Kremstal

13

Describe Rieslings from Austria

Dry
Medium to full-bodied
Ripe, peachy primary fruit
Best examples can bottle-age

14

What are the 'other' white varieties of Austria?

Chardonnay
Müller Thurgau
Sauvignon Blanc

15

Which of Austria's 'other' varieties is growing in reputation? Where?

Sauvignon Blanc
Steiermark (a southern region)

16

What is the most widely planted black variety in Austria?

Zweigelt

17

Which grapes were crossed to make Zweigelt?

Blaufränkisch x St Laurent

18

Describe wines from Blaufränkisch

Deeply coloured
Soft tannins
Flavours of bramble fruit

19

What is the most highly regarded of the Austrian black varieties?

Blaufränkisch

20

Describe Austrian wines made from Blaufränkisch

Medium tannin
High acidity
Peppery, sour cherry flavour

21

...is an Austrian speciality grape with wines similar to Pinot Noir in character

St Laurent

22

What is the role of oak in creating wines from St Laurent?

It is common

23

What red wine movement is taking place in Austria?

Local varieties are being blended with international varieties such as Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot

24

What are the four federal states of production for PDO wines?

Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)
Burgenland
Steiermark (Styria)
Wien (Vienna)

25

In which states of Austria is the vast majority of production?

Niederösterreich and Burgenland

26

Which is the largest of Austrian regions for production and exports?

Niederösterreich

27

Where are the majority of vineyards in Niederösterreich?

On the banks of the Danube and further north towards the Slovak border

28

Where is Wachau and what is it known for?

It is in Niederösterreich
The most renowned for high quality dry wines
Made from Riesling or Grüner Veltliner

29

How many sub-regions are there in Niederösterreich?

Eight

30

Describe vineyards of Wachau

Steep
Often terraced
South facing
Next to the Danube

31

How long has Wachau been a DAC?

It has not chosen to become one

32

What classification system does Wachau use?

Its own

33

Which regions surround Wachau?

Kamptal DAC
Kremstal DAC

34

What style are Kamptal DAC and Kremstal DAC made into?

Similar style and quality to Wachau
From Grüner and Riesling

35

What is the largest vine-growing area of Austria?

Weinviertel DAC

36

Which was the first Austrian DAC?

Weinviertel DAC

37

Which varieties are used for Weinviertel DAC?

Only Grüner Veltliner

38

How else is Weinviertel divided?

Into two levels; Klassik and Reserve

39

Describe Weinviertel Klassik wines

Light, fresh and fruity
No discernible oak

40

Describe Weinviertel Reserve wines

Higher minimum alcohol than Klassik
Allowed to be matured in oak

41

Where in Austria is Burgenland?

To the east of Austria along the border with Hungary

42

What is Burgenland best known for?

Top quality sweet wines
Red wines

43

What other style of wine is made in Burgenland?

Dry whites

44

What are Burgenland's dry whites made from?

Pinot Blanc
Welschriesling
Grüner Veltliner
Chardonnay

45

Where is the key area for sweet wine production in Burgenland?

Around Neusiedlersee

46

What is Neusiedlersee?

A vast shallow lake in the north of Burgenland

47

Describe the location of sweet wine vineyards around Neusiedlersee

On low-lying ground near the lake

48

Why are the best sweet wine sites of Burgenland on low-lying ground?

To benefit from autumn mists that come in from the lake and the wetland regions on its margins
This promotes noble rot

49

How consistent is botrytis infection around Neusiedlersee?

It is almost guaranteed every year

50

What is one of the most widely used grape varieties for sweet wine in Austria?

Welschriesling

51

Where in Austria do the best red wines come from?

The higher ground away from Neusiedlersee and in the hills further south

52

What is the most widely planted red variety of Burgenland?

Zweigelt

53

Name red varieties in Burgenland other than Zweigelt

Blaufränkisch
St Laurent
Pinot, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon

54

Name a DAC for Zweigelt

Neusiedlersee DAC

55

What is the largest of the DACs for Blaufränkisch?

Mittelburgenland

56

How are PGI wines labelled in Austria?

Landwein

57

How are wines without a GI labelled in Austria?

Wein

58

How many areas within Austria qualify for PDO status?

20 (four states and 16 smaller areas)

59

What are the two statuses that PDO wines can have in Austria?

Qualitätswein
Districtus Austriae Controllatus (DAC)

60

How many areas of Austria are designated for the production of Qualitätswein?

11 (the four federal states and seven of the smaller areas)

61

From how many grape varieties may Qualitätsweine of Austria be made?

35

62

Into what style must Austrian Qualitätsweine be made?

Any

63

How else may Qualitätsweine be labelled in Austria?

With a Prädikat level (as in Germany)

64

What are the Prädikat levels in Austria?

The same as in Germany, but with two more;
Ausbruch (between BA and TBA) and Strohwein/Schilfwein

65

What is Strohwein/Schilfwein?

Bunches of grapes are laid out on beds of straw or reeds during the winter, to concentrate sugars

66

How many of the smaller regions of Austria have elected to become DAC?

9

67

How is DAC status awarded?

Wine producers in a region must agree on grape varieties, a style of wine and a set of regulations to go with it

68

How must other wines in Austria outside of DAC regulations label their wines?

With only the name of the relevant federal-state