Describe the size of Australia
Its land mass is similar to that of the United States and larger than that of Europe
What is the general climate temperature in Australia? What is the main reason?
Warm or hot The southerly latitude
What are the main climate tempering influences in Australia?
The Southern or Indian Ocean or the Murray River system
Which areas of Australia are tempered by altitude?
Adelaide Hills and Eden Valley
What is rainfall like in many growing regions of Australia?
Very low, so irrigation is necessary
What can happen in Australia in years of extreme drought?
Waters from Murray River can run low (these are vital for irrigation)
Murray River is a vital source of water for inland areas such as...
What is a risk in Australia as a result of high summer temperatures and drought?
Why are bush fires a risk even if they do not destroy crops?
The smoke can come into contact with grapes, which can taint the flavour of resulting wine
Many producers in Australia are seeking sites with...
Cool or moderate climates
What has been the result of the search for cooler climates in Australia?
Plantings have increased in high altitude sites and in Tasmania (it has a more southerly latitude)
What is Australia's principal grape variety of either colour?
...is grown widely in most regions of Australia
Describe the Shiraz produced in hot and warm regions of Australia
Full-bodied and intensely fruity Often display earthy or spicy notes and develop leather aromas with age
Describe the other style of Shiraz produced in the warmer areas of Australia
Producers are making a more restrained style by controlling the level of extraction in the winemaking process
Where is the leaner, more peppery style of Shiraz made in Australia?
Cooler regions such as Geelong and Heathcote
What are the styles of Shiraz available in Australia?
Full-bodied, lean and peppery or a multi-regional blend of the two
What is the role of Shiraz in Australian multi-varietal blends?
It performs a similar role to Merlot in Bordeaux, adding softness to Cabernet blends
Describe Australian Cabernet
Generally dark with firmer tannins and higher acidity than Shiraz
Ripe black fruit (blackcurrant, black cherry)
Toasty oak notes
Give two classic regions for Cabernet Sauvignon in Australia
What is the role of Merlot in Australia?
Typically found in blended wines
Often alongside Cabernet, to provide body and fleshy, plummy fruit
Where in Australia are the best examples of Pinot Noir grown? Give examples
Cool or moderate sites
Describe the style of Pinot Noir from premium sites
Medium body Medium alcohol Medium to high acidity Typical flavours of cherry and strawberry
Which varieties do best in Australia's hot regions?
Grenache Petit Verdot Mataro
Besides Grenache, Petit Verdot and Mataro, which other varieties have gained in popularity in Australia's hot regions? Why?
Varieties from Italy and Spain such as Sangiovese and Tempranillo They are well adapted to high summer temperatures and a limited water supply
What is the most planted white wine grape in Australia?
Describe basic Australian Chardonnay
Often a blend of fruit from different regions Unoaked for peachy flavours Oak chips/staves for toast/vanilla flavours
What are the cool/moderate sources of high quality Chardonnay in Australia?
Name a warm region source of Chardonnay in Australia
Describe top examples of Chardonnay in Australia
Beautifully balanced with fresh, vibrant fruit complemented by subtle flavours from careful use of lees, MLF and/or oak maturation