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Flashcards in C39 - Australia Deck (179)
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1

Describe the size of Australia

Its land mass is similar to that of the United States and larger than that of Europe

2

What is the general climate temperature in Australia? What is the main reason?

Warm or hot The southerly latitude

3

What are the main climate tempering influences in Australia?

The Southern or Indian Ocean or the Murray River system

4

Which areas of Australia are tempered by altitude?

Adelaide Hills and Eden Valley

5

What is rainfall like in many growing regions of Australia?

Very low, so irrigation is necessary

6

What can happen in Australia in years of extreme drought?

Waters from Murray River can run low (these are vital for irrigation)

7

Murray River is a vital source of water for inland areas such as...

Riverland

Murray-Darling

8

What is a risk in Australia as a result of high summer temperatures and drought?

Bush fires

9

Why are bush fires a risk even if they do not destroy crops?

The smoke can come into contact with grapes, which can taint the flavour of resulting wine

10

Many producers in Australia are seeking sites with...

Cool or moderate climates

11

What has been the result of the search for cooler climates in Australia?

Plantings have increased in high altitude sites and in Tasmania (it has a more southerly latitude)

12

What is Australia's principal grape variety of either colour?

Shiraz

13

...is grown widely in most regions of Australia

Shiraz

14

Describe the Shiraz produced in hot and warm regions of Australia

Full-bodied and intensely fruity Often display earthy or spicy notes and develop leather aromas with age

15

Describe the other style of Shiraz produced in the warmer areas of Australia

Producers are making a more restrained style by controlling the level of extraction in the winemaking process

16

Where is the leaner, more peppery style of Shiraz made in Australia?

Cooler regions such as Geelong and Heathcote

17

What are the styles of Shiraz available in Australia?

Full-bodied, lean and peppery or a multi-regional blend of the two

18

What is the role of Shiraz in Australian multi-varietal blends?

It performs a similar role to Merlot in Bordeaux, adding softness to Cabernet blends

19

Describe Australian Cabernet

Generally dark with firmer tannins and higher acidity than Shiraz

Ripe black fruit (blackcurrant, black cherry)

Toasty oak notes

20

Give two classic regions for Cabernet Sauvignon in Australia

Coonawarra

Margaret River

21

What is the role of Merlot in Australia?

Typically found in blended wines

Often alongside Cabernet, to provide body and fleshy, plummy fruit

22

Where in Australia are the best examples of Pinot Noir grown? Give examples

Cool or moderate sites

Yarra Valley

Mornington Peninsula

Tasmania

23

Describe the style of Pinot Noir from premium sites

Medium body Medium alcohol Medium to high acidity Typical flavours of cherry and strawberry

24

Which varieties do best in Australia's hot regions?

Grenache Petit Verdot Mataro

25

Besides Grenache, Petit Verdot and Mataro, which other varieties have gained in popularity in Australia's hot regions? Why?

Varieties from Italy and Spain such as Sangiovese and Tempranillo They are well adapted to high summer temperatures and a limited water supply

26

What is the most planted white wine grape in Australia?

Chardonnay

27

Describe basic Australian Chardonnay

Often a blend of fruit from different regions Unoaked for peachy flavours Oak chips/staves for toast/vanilla flavours

28

What are the cool/moderate sources of high quality Chardonnay in Australia?

Adelaide Hills

Mornington Peninsula

Yarra Valley

29

Name a warm region source of Chardonnay in Australia

Margaret River

30

Describe top examples of Chardonnay in Australia

Beautifully balanced with fresh, vibrant fruit complemented by subtle flavours from careful use of lees, MLF and/or oak maturation