C19 - The Northern Rhone Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C19 - The Northern Rhone Deck (76):
1

Describe the Rhone Valley in the Northern Rhone

It is quite narrow and steep

Vineyards mainly planted close to the river

2

The best northern Rhone vineyards occupy...with...

Steep slopes

Southerly facing aspect

3

What is the general location/situation of the Northern Rhone's best vineyards?

In lateral valleys that feed into the Rhone

4

What is the benefit of the best vineyards of the Rhone being in lateral valleys?

The vines are better protected from the cold northerly winds

5

What is the name of the cold northerly wind in the Rhone valley?

The mistral

6

Why is the Mistral a threat to Rhone vines?

It can easily damage them

7

How are vines typically supported in the Northern Rhone?

By individual stakes or tepee-like arrangements of stakes

8

What is the climate of the Northern Rhone?

Moderate continental

Similar to Beaujolais

Noticeably warmer in the Southern Rhone

9

How many red grapes are permitted in the Northern Rhone?

1

10

What is the only red grape permitted in the Northern Rhone?

Syrah

11

Which Rhone grape is at the very northern limit of where it can ripen successfully?

Syrah

12

Describe the Syrah wines of the Northern Rhone

Deeply coloured

Medium to high tannins

Black fruit and sometimes black pepper or floral aromas

13

What is the role of oak in Northern Rhone based Syrah wines?

It is dependant on the winemaker Some use new oak for heir best wines Some use older oak or larger barrels

14

What winemaking practice was traditionally practiced in a number of Northern Rhone Crus but is now rarely seen?

Fermenting Syrah with white varieties

15

What is the role of white grapes when fermented with Syrah in the Northern Rhone?

It can help to stabilise the colour extraction from the red grapes

It can add an aromatic intensity to the grapes (Viognier particularly)

16

Describe wines made from Viognier in the Northern Rhone

Full bodied whites

Low acidity

High alcohol

Flavours of blossom and apricots/stone fruits

17

Why is Viognier typically high alcohol and low in acidity?

It doesn't usually develop its signature aromas/flavours until very late in the season, when they reached a very high level of sugar ripeness

18

Why do Viognier grapes need very careful handling in the winery?

So that they do not develop an overtly oily character that can overwhelm the varietal aromas

19

What is the role of new oak in the vinification of Viognier?

It is being increasingly used, but must be handled carefully so that the oak aromas do not easily overwhelm the primary aromas

20

What is the 'other' style of Viognier made in the Northern Rhone?

Some are made in an off-dry style from late-harvested grapes

21

Which other white grapes are grown in the Northern Rhone?

Marsanne and Rousanne

22

How are Marsanne and Rousanne usually used in the Northern Rhone?

They are usually blended together

23

What characteristics do Marsanne and Roussanne individually offer to a wine?

Marsanne: Richness and weight

Roussanne: Acidity and perfumed fruit

24

How are Marsanne/Roussanne blends generally characterised?

They are not as aromatically intense as Viognier wines, but can age well and develop complex hazelnut aromas

25

Which typically Souther Rhone wine can also be made in the Northern Rhone?

Cotes du Rhone

26

Describe the appellation system of the Northern Rhone

Most Northern Rhone wines come from one of the cru appellations

27

Describe a common attribute between Northern Rhone crus

They are often tiny

28

What are the two Northern Rhone crus which cover a significant area?

Saint-Joseph Crozes-Hermitage

29

Around which town are the vineyards of Cote Rotie?

Ampuis

30

What is the most northerly appellation of the Northern Rhone?

Cote Rotie

31

What is the translation of Cote Rotie?

Roasted slope

32

What wines can be produced in Cote Rotie?

Reds only

33

Which varietals are used in Cote Rotie?

Syrah and Viognier

34

How is Viognier used in Cote Rotie?

In small amounts and blended with Syrah

35

What percentage of wine blends can Viognier make up?

Up to 20%

36

Describe wines of Côte Rôtie

Deeply coloured

Full-bodied

Spicy

Aromatic, floral freshness and textural elegance, distinct from Hermitage

37

What colours of wine are made in Condrieu?

White only

38

Which grapes are used in Condrieu?

Viognier only

39

Where do the best wines of Condrieu come from?

Low-yielding, old vines

Steep, well-exposed terraced vineyards

40

Where is Chateau Grillet? Describe it and its wines

It's a single property appellation within Cote Rotie

Wines very similar to those of CR

41

Where is Saint-Joseph?

Along the western bank of the Rhone, between Condrieu and Tournon

42

What style are the majority of Saint-Joseph wines?

Reds made from Syrah

43

What is the 'other' style of wine made in Saint-Joseph?

Whites made from Marsanne/Roussanne

44

Where are the best wines of Saint-Joseph found?

Terraced vineyards near Tournon

Just south of Condrieu

45

Describe the best wines of Saint-Joseph

Flavour intensity and structure similar to Hermitage

46

Where do the high-volume wines of Saint-Joseph come from?

The more fertile, flatter sites of the valley floor

The plateaux above the valley

47

Describe the high-volume wines of Saint-Joseph

Lighter-bodied

Often incorporating carbonic maceration

Expressing pepper perfume aspects of Syrah

48

What are the lightest-bodied wines of the Northern Rhone?

High volume reds of Saint-Joseph

49

Where is Hermitage?

On a steep, south-facing slope behind Tain-l'Hermitage

50

What is a lieux-dit?

A named vineyard site

51

How is Hermitage arranged?

It's organised into a number of lieux-dits

52

What is the benefit of Hermitage's lieux-dit system?

They all vary in steepness and aspect, giving wines of subtly different body and style

53

How are lieux-dits used when making wines of Hermitage?

They have traditionally been blends, but some now use single lieux-dits

54

What is the fullest bodied of the Northern Rhone wines?

Hermitage

55

What else may be fermented with Syrah in Hermitage wines?

Marsanne and Roussanne

56

How much Marsanne and Roussanne may be fermented with Syrah in Hermitage wines?

Up to 15%

57

What colours of wine are made in Hermitage?

Red and white

58

What are the white wines of Hermitage made from?

Marsanne and Roussanne

59

What is the most common use of Marsanne and Roussanne in Hermitage?

To make white wines

60

What proportion of Hermitage's production do white wines account for?

About a fifth

61

What is the most important Northern Rhone appellation in terms of production volume?

Crozes-Hermitage

62

Where are the vineyards of Crozes-Hermitage?

On mixed terrain around the hill of Hermitage

63

Describe the topography of Crozes-Hermitage in relation to Hermitage

North: Vineyards are on slopes

South: On a flat plain

64

What are the wines of Crozes-Hermitage made of?

Syrah

Up to 15% Marsanne/Roussanne

65

What quality, style and price are the wines of Crozes-Hermitage?

They vary wildly depending on location

66

Where are the lighter wines of Crozes-Hermitage from?

The higher-yielding, flatter sites to the south

67

What are the wines like from the northern sites of Crozes-Hermitage?

More concentrated, complex and tannic

68

What is the role of oak in Crozes-Hermitage?

Some of the more expensive wines may be aged in oak

69

What colours of wine are produced in Crozes-Hermitage?

Mostly red but some white

70

What is the most southerly of the Northern Rhone's appellations?

Cornas

71

What colour of wine is produced in Cornas?

Red only

72

What is the warmest of the Northern Rhone appellations?

Cornas

73

Where are the vineyards of Cornas?

On the south facing slopes of the Rhone's lateral valleys

74

Describe the vineyards of Cornas

Sheltered from wind, well-exposed, sun-baked and south-facing

75

Which grapes are allowed in Cornas?

Syrah only

76

Describe the wines of Cornas

Deeply coloured

Full-bodied

Similar style/quality to Hermitage