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Flashcards in C19 - The Northern Rhone Deck (76)
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1

Describe the Rhone Valley in the Northern Rhone

It is quite narrow and steep

Vineyards mainly planted close to the river

2

The best northern Rhone vineyards occupy...with...

Steep slopes

Southerly facing aspect

3

What is the general location/situation of the Northern Rhone's best vineyards?

In lateral valleys that feed into the Rhone

4

What is the benefit of the best vineyards of the Rhone being in lateral valleys?

The vines are better protected from the cold northerly winds

5

What is the name of the cold northerly wind in the Rhone valley?

The mistral

6

Why is the Mistral a threat to Rhone vines?

It can easily damage them

7

How are vines typically supported in the Northern Rhone?

By individual stakes or tepee-like arrangements of stakes

8

What is the climate of the Northern Rhone?

Moderate continental

Similar to Beaujolais

Noticeably warmer in the Southern Rhone

9

How many red grapes are permitted in the Northern Rhone?

1

10

What is the only red grape permitted in the Northern Rhone?

Syrah

11

Which Rhone grape is at the very northern limit of where it can ripen successfully?

Syrah

12

Describe the Syrah wines of the Northern Rhone

Deeply coloured

Medium to high tannins

Black fruit and sometimes black pepper or floral aromas

13

What is the role of oak in Northern Rhone based Syrah wines?

It is dependant on the winemaker Some use new oak for heir best wines Some use older oak or larger barrels

14

What winemaking practice was traditionally practiced in a number of Northern Rhone Crus but is now rarely seen?

Fermenting Syrah with white varieties

15

What is the role of white grapes when fermented with Syrah in the Northern Rhone?

It can help to stabilise the colour extraction from the red grapes

It can add an aromatic intensity to the grapes (Viognier particularly)

16

Describe wines made from Viognier in the Northern Rhone

Full bodied whites

Low acidity

High alcohol

Flavours of blossom and apricots/stone fruits

17

Why is Viognier typically high alcohol and low in acidity?

It doesn't usually develop its signature aromas/flavours until very late in the season, when they reached a very high level of sugar ripeness

18

Why do Viognier grapes need very careful handling in the winery?

So that they do not develop an overtly oily character that can overwhelm the varietal aromas

19

What is the role of new oak in the vinification of Viognier?

It is being increasingly used, but must be handled carefully so that the oak aromas do not easily overwhelm the primary aromas

20

What is the 'other' style of Viognier made in the Northern Rhone?

Some are made in an off-dry style from late-harvested grapes

21

Which other white grapes are grown in the Northern Rhone?

Marsanne and Rousanne

22

How are Marsanne and Rousanne usually used in the Northern Rhone?

They are usually blended together

23

What characteristics do Marsanne and Roussanne individually offer to a wine?

Marsanne: Richness and weight

Roussanne: Acidity and perfumed fruit

24

How are Marsanne/Roussanne blends generally characterised?

They are not as aromatically intense as Viognier wines, but can age well and develop complex hazelnut aromas

25

Which typically Souther Rhone wine can also be made in the Northern Rhone?

Cotes du Rhone

26

Describe the appellation system of the Northern Rhone

Most Northern Rhone wines come from one of the cru appellations

27

Describe a common attribute between Northern Rhone crus

They are often tiny

28

What are the two Northern Rhone crus which cover a significant area?

Saint-Joseph Crozes-Hermitage

29

Around which town are the vineyards of Cote Rotie?

Ampuis

30

What is the most northerly appellation of the Northern Rhone?

Cote Rotie