C34 - Oregon, Washington and New York Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C34 - Oregon, Washington and New York Deck (33):
1

What are the two broad regions of Oregon?

Northern Oregon and Southern Oregon

2

What is the most important AVA in Northern Oregon?

Willamette Valley AVA

3

Describe the location of Willamette Valley AVA within Northern Oregon

It lies to the west of the Cascade Mountains and stretches south from Portland

4

What make Willamette Valley AVA so significant in Oregon?

It has the largest concentration of wineries and vineyards in Oregon

5

What is the climate like in Willamette Valley AVA?

It has a moderate climate
Experiences cooling breezes from the Pacific Ocean
Growing season is dry with long sunny days and cool nights

6

What is the most planted variety in Willamette Valley AVA?

Pinot Noir

7

Describe the general style of Pinot Noir in Willamette Valley AVA

High levels of acidity
Ripe red fruit flavours
Hint of cinnamon spice

8

What else is widely grown in Northern Oregon? What style is it made into?

Pinot Gris
A fruity, dry style

9

Where is the Southern Oregon AVA?

Directly to the south of Willamette Valley AVA

10

How is the Southern Oregon AVA composed?

Of smaller AVAs, such as Umpqua Valley and Rogue Valley

11

Which region has the warmest growing conditions in Oregon?

Southern Oregon AVA

12

How is Southern Oregon also able to grow cool-climate varieties?

It has cooler areas within its hillsides and valleys

13

Which are the main varieties that Southern Oregon can grow successfully?

Merlot
Cabernet Sauvignon
Pinot Noir
Chardonnay
Pinot Gris
Syrah

14

Where are the majority of vineyards planted in Washington State?

Columbia Valley AVA

15

Where in Washington State is Columbia Valley AVA?

East of the Cascade Mountains in the valleys of the Columbia River and its tributaries

16

Which are the most important smaller AVAs in Washington State? Where are they?

Yakima Valley AVA
Walla Walla AVA
Within Columbia Valley

17

What is the most important aspect of climate, specific to Columbia Valley AVA? Explain why it is like this and how growers deal with it

Low rainfall
Result of a rain-shadow effect from the Cascade Mountains
Growers irrigate with river water

18

What are the more beneficial aspects of climate in Columbia Valley?

Long daylight hours
Consistent summer temperatures

19

How are the long daylight hours and consistent summer temperatures beneficial for winemakers in Columbia Valley?

Fruit attains optimal ripeness due to sunny days
Cool nights help grapes to maintain natural levels of acidity

20

Besides low rainfall, what is another major problems for winemakers in Columbia Valley? What is the impact?

Winter freeze
It may reduce crop volumes by half or more

21

What are the most important red wines and styles in Columbia Valley?

Merlot - Plummy and full-bodied
Cabernet Sauvignon - Elegant and age-worthy

22

Which other red style is produced in Washington State?

Syrah - Full-bodied and intensely concentrated

23

What is the most planted white variety in Washington State?

Chardonnay

24

What is the style of Chardonnay in Washington State?

Fruity wines with some toasty noted from oak

25

What is another popular white made in Washington State?

Riesling - In a dry style with ripe stone fruit flavours

26

What is unique about New York State as a wine region compared with almost any other?

It's dominated by American and hybrid vine species

27

Why are American and hybrid species so popular in New York State?

They are used for the production of juices and jellies as well as wines
They are used for their winter hardiness

28

What are the most widely planted V. Vinifera varieties in New York State?

Riesling
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Cabernet Sauvignon

29

What's the most important area in New York State for wine production?

Finger Lakes AVA

30

Explain why Finger Lakes AVA is suitable for growing grapes

The deep, glacial lakes store heat well into November, raising the air temperature of the surrounding vineyards and extending the growing season

31

What wine is Finger Lakes AVA most noted for?

Its perfumed Rieslings

32

Besides Riesling, which other varieties does Finger Lakes AVA successfully produce?

Pinot Noir
Cabernet Franc
Chardonnay
A number of American varieties and hybrids

33

Where are there smaller AVAs in New York State?

Some of the individual lakes of Finger Lakes AVA have their own AVA