C24 - Tokaj Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C24 - Tokaj Deck (56):
1

Where is the region of Tokaj?

In the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains in the far north east of Hungary and close to the Slovakian border

2

Describe the climate of Tokaj

Moderate continental

3

Where are the best vineyards of Tokaj located?

On hillside slopes with southerly aspects

4

How are the conditions created for noble rot to develop in Tokaj?

By the Bodrog and Tisza rivers and their many tributaries They generate the necessary early morning humidity

5

What are the three principal grape varieties used for the creation of Tokaji?

Furmint

Hárslevelű

Sárga Muskotály

6

What is the most widely planted variety used in the making of Tokaji?

Furmint

7

Describe Hungarian wines made from Furmint

Concentrated, high acid wines Flavours of apples when young Nuts and honey when aged

8

What is the principal grape variety used for Aszú wines?

Furmint

9

Why is Furmint better known for Aszú wines than dry wines?

Due to its late-ripening and susceptibility to botrytis

10

What does Hárslevelű contribute to a blend? Is it early or late-ripening?

Perfume Late-ripening

11

By what more common name is Sárga Muskotály known?

Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

12

What is Sárga Muskotály used for in blends?

Its aromatic qualities

13

What styles are Tokaji made into?

Sweet wines Dry wines

14

What is unique about completed Tokaji wines?

Sweet wines are sold in 50cl bottles (dry are in 75cl bottles)

15

Describe a producer's output during an average vintage in Tokaj

Depending on the degree of noble rot development, a producer will often make a number of different styles

16

How do producers allow for different styles in Tokaj?

They may separate the grapes into three different categories during the harvest

17

What is the Hungarian name for rotten grapes?

Aszú

18

How will appropriate grapes be separated during harvest in Hungary?

Pickers will pass through the vineyards several times, selecting individual aszú grapes

The remainder will be picked separately

19

What does Szamorodni mean?

'As it comes'

20

What is Szamorodni?

It involves picking bunches partially affected by noble rot

21

What is the role of dry Tokaji wines unaffected by botrytis?

Gaining in importance

Allows producers to make wine when noble rot is less rife

22

Describe the range of styles of dry Tokaji

From simple, unoaked, early-drinking wines to more concentrated, age-worthy blends, which are often fermented and matured in new oak

23

What are dry Tokaji wines usually made from?

Furmint

24

What are the Hungarian terms for dry and sweet?

Dry: Száraz

Sweet: Édes

25

What is unique about dry Szamorodni wines?

They will show noble rot characters

26

Describe the role of ageing for Szamorodni wines

They must be aged in cask for a minimum of one year and be a minimum of two years old before release

Casks are not completely filled to allow for flor to form on the surface

27

Which wine has a similar character to Szamorodni?

Fino Sherry

28

Which Tokaji wines use flor?

Only Szamorodni

29

What is the result of flor not being used for sweet styles of Tokaji?

They may have an oxidative character

30

What is the trend with sweet Tokaji making now?

To fill the casks, avoiding the risk of oxidative character developing

31

Describe the process of making Aszú wines

Starts with a base wine of healthy grapes Before, during or after fermentation, Aszú berries are macerated in the base wine Mixture is pressed and matured in oak

32

How long is Aszú wine macerated for?

12 - 60 hours

33

How were Aszú berries traditionally treated before maceration for Tokaji? What is different now and why?

They were crushed into a paste They are usually used uncrushed now to avoid the extraction of bitter flavours

34

How is wine sweetness determined for Tokaji?

By the amount of Aszú berries used

35

What is the Hungarian unit of sweetness?

The puttony

36

Describe classic Aszú Tokaji

Deep amber

High acidity

Intense aromas/flavours of orange peel, apricots and honey

37

Describe the development of Tokaji concentration

The wines become more concentrated and intense as they rise up the sweetness scale

38

What essentially are Tokaji Eszencia wines?

Extremely rare sweet wines from Tokaj which are rarely available outside the region of production

39

How are Tokaji Eszencia wines made?

Using just the free-run juice of the aszú berries The must is so sweet, the wines can take years to ferment Even after that time, the wines may not have reached 5% abv

40

What is the legal minimum of alcohol for Tokaji Eszencia?

450 g/L

41

Describe Tokaji Eszencia flavours

They are balanced by very high acidity and have an enormously concentrated flavour

Can mature and retain freshness for a century or more

42

How are Tokaj's modern sweet wines made?

From grapes that spend an extended time on the vine

Some use botrytis infected fruit

43

How is vinification of Tokaj's modern sweet wines different to that of Aszú wines?

When botrytis is present, the botrytised grapes are fermented, rather than using the maceration process of Aszú wines

44

How else are Tokaj's modern sweet wines made differently to Aszú wines?

They may be matured for less time than Aszú wines

45

How are Tokaj's modern sweet wines usually labelled?

'Late Harvest'

46

Since when have producers of Tokaj been working with new regulations with regard to wine making and labelling?

2013

47

Why are Tokaj's new legal regulations only partially relevant?

The regulations are not yet/freshly implemented, and vintages up to 2012 will still be on the market for a long time

48

What is the traditional minimum sugar for Tokaji Aszú?

60g/L

49

How would Tokaji Aszú be traditionally labelled regarding sweetness?

On a scale of three to six puttonyos depending on the levels of residual sugar above 60g/L

50

What were the traditional minimum ageing restrictions for Tokaji Aszú?

24 months in oak

Wine could only be released from January in the fourth year after harvest

51

What was the minimum residual sugar level required for Aszú wines to be labelled as Aszú Eszencia?

180g/L

52

How has the minimum sugar level for Tokaji Aszú been changed under 2013 laws?

It has increased to 120g/L

53

What was previously required in Tokaj to have 120g/L?

A wine with a sweetness level of 5 puttonyos

54

How must wines be labelled in Tokaj when they have sugar levels below 120g/L?

Late Harvest or Tokaji Szamorodni depending on how they're made

55

Which wine term in Tokaj has been abolished under the 2013 law?

Aszú Eszencia

56

How have regulations changed for Tokaji Aszú?

They are now subject to shorter ageing requirements; 18 months in oak

They can be released from the January of the third year after harvest