Flashcards in C29 - Southern Italy Deck (46):
What constitutes Southern Italy?
South of Lazio to the southern tip of the country, including the peninsula of Puglia and the island of Sicily
Describe the climate of Southern Italy
Hot and dry inland
Becoming humid near the coast
Altitude provides relief from some of the heat for those vineyards based in the Apennines
Sea breezes cool the vineyards on the flatter terrain of the Puglian peninsula
What is the principal economic activity in Southern Italy?
To which areas of Southern Italy is grape-growing particularly important?
Puglia and Sicilia, where significant volumes of wine are made
What were the traditional training methods in the south of Italy?
Vines were bush-trained low to the ground, with leaf cover protecting the grapes from sunburn
What kind of training is now most common in Southern Italy?
Cordon training and trellising
What are the benefits of cordon training and trellising in Puglia in particular?
These newer techniques allow for mechanisation on Puglia's flat plain
...is home to more DOCGs than any other region in the south of Italy
What is the landscape like in Campania?
A varied landscape with mountains, valleys and coastal plains
What does Campania's varied landscape mean viticulturally?
That a wide range of black and white varieties can be grown here
Which varieties arguably produce the best whites in Campania?
Fiano and Greco
Where do the best examples of Fiano and Greco respectively come from?
The Campanian appellations of Fiano d'Avellino DOCG and Greco di Tufo DOCG
Describe wines made from Fiano
Medium to full body
Aromas of stone fruit, melons and mangos
Usually early drinking
Better example matured in oak and can be aged in bottle, developing notes of wax and honey
Describe wines from Greco
Leaner in body than Fiano
More acidity than Fiano
Green apple, stone fruit and passionfruit flavours
Describe winemaking for wines from Greco grapes
Most producers ferment their wines in stainless steel
Some use old oak and techniques such as lees-stirring to enhance texture
How do Greco-based wines age?
The best examples age in bottle to develop aromas of honey and mushrooms
What is the most prestigious black grape of Campania?
Describe Aglianico wines from Campania
Flavours of black fruit
Matured in oak and can age in bottle to develop earthy, forest floor notes
Where is Aglianico best in Campania?
Where is Basilicata?
Just below Campania
An extremely mountainous region where vineyards can reach 900 metres, especially on the high plain that surrounds the extinct volcano of Monte Vulture
What is the principal grape of Basilicata?
What is considered to be the best wine of the Basilicata region?
Aglianico del Vulture DOCG
A vast agricultural area where large volumes of grapes are grown
What kind of climate does Puglia have?
What kind of grapes dominate Puglia? Why?
Because of Puglia's hot climate
What are the most notable grapes of Puglia?
Describe Puglia's grapes when grown at high altitudes. How are they sold?
They produce simple, fruity wines for early drinking
Under what circumstances can Negroamaro produce high quality wines in Puglia?
When yields are controlled
Describe higher quality wines from Negroamaro
Baked red and black fruit flavours
Where do many of the best examples of Negroamaro in Puglia come from?
Salice Salentino DOC
Describe the best examples of Primitivo
Pronounced flavours of very ripe berry fruit
In what respect is Sicily like Puglia?
It grows vast quantities of grapes
Into which appellation do most of Sicily's grapes get made?
IGT Terre di Sicilia/Terre Siciliane
Into which appellation do most of Sicily's grapes get made if yields are lowered slightly?
What is the dominant black grape in Sicily's most produced wines?
Describe wines of Nero d'Avola
Medium to full-bodied wines
Aromas of plums and black cherries
Usually made into a fruity, early-drinking style
From best producers they are more concentrated and complex
Describe how local white varieties are usually sold in Sicilia
As varietal or blended wines
What style are local white varieties usually made into in Sicilia?
Displaying citrus and stone fruit flavours
What other varieties are planted in Sicilia? Which is particularly successful?
Chardonnay and Syrah
From which appellation do some of the best wines of Sicily come?
How are Etna DOC wine grapes grown?
From old, low-yielding vines at high altitude
What are the reds of Etna DOC made from?
How are the black varieties of Etna DOC vinified? What do these wines taste like?
They are blended together
Aromas of sour red cherries, cranberries and raspberries, sometimes with dried herbs
Describe Etna DOC wines with bottle age
High tannins soften
Mushroom-like aromas can develop