C38 - South Africa Flashcards Preview

Rick's WSET3 > C38 - South Africa > Flashcards

Flashcards in C38 - South Africa Deck (128)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where are most of South Africa's wine regions found?

On the coast

2

Why can South Africa produce a broad range of styles?

Proximity to the coast and the mountainous backdrop

3

What is the latitude range within which South Africa lies?

27° - 34˚ south of the equator

4

What should be the result of the latitude range of South Africa? Why does this not necessarily apply?

It should be hot Vineyards here are subject to cooling influences

5

Where does South Africa's most important cooling influence come from?

The Southern Ocean

6

Describe the Benguela Current and its effects

It is cold It flows up from the Antarctic, past the tip and up the west coast of Africa, cooling coastal areas

7

How is the cooling effect of the Benguela Current magnified?

By the Cape Doctor

8

Describe the Cape Doctor

A regular, strong, south-easterly summer wind Brings air cooled b the ocean further inland and can reduce temperatures by an additional couple of degrees in some areas

9

What is South Africa's second cooling influence?

The mountain ranges that run through the wine regions

10

What do the mountain ranges of South Africa offer producers?

A dramatic range of different altitudes and aspects

A multitude of different soils

11

What is the influence of altitude on winemaking in South Africa?

It has a marked impact on vineyard climate

Higher altitudes are cooler

Lower altitudes are warmer

12

What kind of aspect may be seen as preferable in South Africa? Why?

Southern aspects To benefit from cooler temperatures

13

Other than aspect and altitude, how else may mountains affect cooling in South Africa?

They may cast shadows over vineyards at certain times of the day

14

What secondary effect may mountain ranges have on cooling in South Africa nearer the coast?

They can help channel the winds through the vineyards

15

What is the most widely planted black variety in South Africa?

Cabernet Sauvignon

16

How may Cabernet Sauvignon be used in wines in South Africa?

Either as a varietal wine or in a blend with Merlot and Cabernet Franc for Bordeaux-style blends

17

What style of wine can Merlot produce in South Africa?

Full-bodied, plummy wines

18

What are the main black varieties of South Africa?

Cabernet Sauvignon

Merlot

Syrah

Pinot Noir

Pinotage

19

Beside the Bordeaux varieties, what is the next most planted black variety in South Africa?

Syrah

20

Describe Syrah wines from hot climates in South Africa

Rich and full-bodied High alcohol Ripe black fruit flavours Sometimes earthy or meaty character

21

How does Syrah from cooler areas of South Africa differ from those of the warmer climes?

Less full-bodied Peppery

22

Describe Pinot Noir's role in South Africa

Less tolerant of the hot South African climate Planted in small amounts in the coolest coastal areas

23

What is the role of oak in the vinification of South African reds?

The vast majority of premium reds are matured in oak At least a proportion of new barrels used for toasty aromas

24

Which varieties were crossed to make Pinotage?

Pinot Noir x Cinsault

25

Where was Pinotage developed?

South Africa

26

What is notable about the role of Pinotage in South Africa?

It's hardly grown anywhere else in the world

27

What style is Pinotage made into?

It's made in a range of styles

28

What is a 'Cape blend'?

Where Pinotage is blended with international varieties

29

What are the three most popular styles of Pinotage, single-varietal wine?

Light, fruity style with red berry flavours

Full-bodied from old bush vines, with rich, spiced berry fruit

Intense coffee and chocolate aromas when fermented and/or stored with heavily toasted oak staves

30

How is Pinotage often marketed?

Often to highlight its unique style (dependent on what style its been vinified to)