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Flashcards in C17 - Alsace Deck (81)
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1

What is the climate of Alsace?

Cool to moderate continental

2

What is a potential climatic threat to the region of Alsace?

Prevailing westerly rain-bearing winds

3

How is Alsace protected from the westerly winds?

By the Vosges Mountains

4

What is the rainfall like in Alsace? Explain this

Summers and autumns are warm and dry
There is very little cloud cover
The region is protected by the Vosges Mountains

5

What is the result on wines of the dry climate in Alsace?

Grapes can achieve high levels of sugar ripeness

6

What is a relatively unique climatic phenomenon in Alsace?

Occasional drought

7

Where are the best vineyards of Alsace located?

On the steepest slopes with east and south east aspects

8

Describe the northerly part of the Alsace vineyard area

It has the coolest climate and the least protection from the Vosges

9

Where are the lesser vineyards of Alsace?

On the plain between the Vosges foothills and the Rhine

10

What is the main use of grapes from the lesser vineyards of Alsace?

In Crémant d'Alsace

11

What is the soil like in the vineyards of the foothills of Alsace?

Very varied

12

Why is there so much soil variation in parts of Alsace?

It has experienced a dramatic geological history

13

What is the key factor in why there is so much variety in style in Alsace?

The geological variation

14

Grape growing practices in Alsace, vary depending on...

Whether the vineyards are on slopes or on the plain

15

Describe Alsatian vineyard practices on slopes

They are trained low to benefit from radiated heat
Rows are oriented to maximise the vines' exposure to the sun
Harvesting is done by hand

16

Describe Alsatian vineyard practices on the plains

Vines are trained high to minimise the risk of Spring frosts

17

What kind of viticulture is commonly practiced in Alsace?

Organic and Biodynamic

18

Why are Organic and Biodynamic viticulture popular in Alsace?

Low disease pressure in the sunny, dry conditions

19

What is the key logistical challenge faced by growers in Alsace?

Because they have a number of small plots of vines, each planted with different varieties, they will ripen at different times, therefore the vintage may be spread over a long period

20

Between which months does the Alsatian harvest usually last?

September - November/December

21

What are the most important/noble varieties of Alsace?

Riesling
Gewurztraminer
Pinot Gris
Muscat

22

Which varieties may be used for VT, grand cru and SGN wines in Alsace?

The noble varieties only

23

The vast majority of Alsace wines are made from...

Single varieties

24

What are Alsatian blended varieties usually made from?

Juice that was not selected for varietal wines

25

What does it mean when an Alsatian wine is labelled Edelzwicker or Gentil? How else may this be labelled?

A blended wine
A producer's brand name

26

Are all Alsatian blends of a basic quality?

No, some are very high quality, even being made from grand cru vineyards, but these are very rare

27

Why is winemaking in Alsace so focused on retaining aroma/varietal character?

Most of the varieties are aromatic

28

How do traditional Alsatian winemakers typically ferment their wines?

In large old oak barrels, typically more than 100 years old

29

What is notable about the old oak barrels sometimes used in Alsace?

The inside is lines with a thick layer of Tartrates

30

What is the effect of the tartrate deposits lining the inside of Alsatian barrels?

It prevents the wood from having any influence on the wine