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Flashcards in C31 - Portugal Deck (63)
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1

Describe the climate of Portugal

It has a range of different climates
Much of the country has a maritime climate
Many of the inland vineyards have a hot, dry and continental climate

2

How are high temperatures moderated in Portugal?

By the Atlantic
By altitude

3

Give a climatic reason for the diversity of wine styles found in Portugal

There are large differences in annual temperature

4

Where is Vinho Verde?

In the north-west of Portugal

5

What is the climate of Vinho Verde? Why?

Moderate maritime
Because of its nearness to the Atlantic

6

What is the most significant feature of the climate in Vinho Verde?

High annual rainfall

7

What are the main two risks of the high rainfall in Vinho Verde?

Excessive canopy growth
It encourages disease

8

How may the associated risks of high rainfall be managed in Vinho Verde?

With effective canopy management

9

How have vineyards changed in Vinho Verde?

They have moved away from Pergola trellising due to modernisation

10

What technique/method is now used in Vinho Verde? What for?

Spur-pruned VSP
To create airflow in the humid environment
To improve the health and quality of the grapes
To allow for mechanisation

11

Describe classic Vinho Verde wines

Pale lemon colour
High in acidity
Low in alcohol (8% to 11.5% abv)
Wines with low alcohol are usually off-dry

12

How may one identify a different style of Vinho Verde? What is different about the style?

If a grape-variety, sub-region or an authorised quality labelling term is mentioned on the label, the wine can have up to 14% alcohol

13

What grapes are usually used to make the white wines of Vinho Verde?

Local varieties such as Loureiro and Arinto

14

What is notable about the style of white Vinho Verdes?

They traditionally have a slight sparkling sensation that enhances their freshness

15

What is Vinho Verde Alvarinho made from?

Alvarinho grapes (Albariño in Spain) grown in the small designated sub-region of Monção e Melgaço

16

Describe Vinho Verde Alvarinho in relation to white Vinho Verde

It has a slightly higher alcohol level and riper, more tropical aromas

17

What other styles of wine are made in Vinho Verde?

Red and rosé wines

18

Describe the red and rosé wines of Vinho Verde

Reds are deeply coloured and tannic
Rosés are fresh and fruity

19

What is the oldest demarcated wine region in the world?

The Douro

20

Where is the Douro?

80km east of Porto
From the Marão Mountains to the frontier with Spain

21

What dominates wine production in the Douro?

Port

22

Both Port and unfortified wines of the Douro, rely on the same...varieties:...

Five
Touriga Nacional
Touriga Franca
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Barroca
Tinta Cão

23

What is considered the highest quality variety of Douro's five varieties?

Touriga Nacional

24

Describe Touriga Nacional's main winemaking characteristics

It's low-yielding
Its wines have intense colour, flavours and high levels of tannin

25

Describe the red wines of Douro

Deeply coloured
Full-bodied
High levels of ripe tannins
Rich black fruit flavours
Best examples often show subtle toasty aromas from maturation in new oak

26

Describe the white wines of Douro

Particularly when from high altitude, they can show fresh varietal fruit and medium to high acidity

27

Where is Dão?

In a mountainous area 80km south of Douro

28

Where in Dão are vines mostly planted?

On the gentler hills and slopes, between 200m and 400m asl

29

Describe the climate in Dão

Cold, wet winters
Warm, dry summers
Significant diurnal temperature variation

30

The climate of Portugal's ... region, provide excellent conditions for high-quality grapes

Dão