Chapter 12.3-12.4 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 12.3-12.4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12.3-12.4 Deck (17):
1

Steam engine

Uses the steam from boiling water to drive Pistons that allow the engine to propel and object forward

2

Robert Fulton

Not the first to develop the steam engine, but he did popularize it in the US. He will develop a boat that will allow the shipment of goods upriver

3

Clermont

Fulton's steamboat could travel 5 mph up River. Although slow, it opened up an opportunity to ship goods where they could not go before

4

3 results of the steamboat

•boats could now travel upriver. • It allowed goods to be sent faster and cheaper.• chance of explosion

5

How fast could trains travel

20 mph

6

Steam locomotive

•allowed the transport of goods across the country.•helped move people across the country. • coal would be used for the engine.•explosion is possible

7

The railroad led to an increase in the demand for _____,____, and led to the creation of what city

Demand for steel,coal
Let to the creation of Chicago

8

What is the original text messaging system

Telegraph

9

Samuel morse

Figured out a way to send electronic messages over a wire. This system will help increase the speed at which information could be passed, and it helped increase production in factories invented the telegraph and morse code

10

Telegraph

a way to send electronic messages over a wire. This system will help increase the speed at which information could be passed, and it helped increase production in factories. Could be translated by clicking sounds to letters

11

Morse code

A system of dots and dashes that were used to represent letters in the English language.

12

John Deere

Created one of the most important farming implements in US history. That was the steel plow

13

Steel plow

The traditional cast iron plow could not turn the dirt in the Midwest, so Deere invented the steel plow which was made of strong polished metal. The polished metal cut through dirt easily and did not clip up with moist dirt. This allowed farmers in the Midwest to be productive on their lands

14

Who invented the mechanical reaper

Cyrus McCormick

15

Mechanical reaper

Cut wheat and allowed for the farmer to walk beside the machine and place the stocks in a bundle. The reaper could do the work of 5 men.

16

Results of the reaper and steel plow

Allows farmers in the Midwest to harvest more grains then they had previous done before

17

What were the two changes in transportation

Steamboat and railroad