Chapter 10.2 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10.2 Part 1 Deck (21):
1

What did the tariffs of abominations do

Raised tariffs on raw material and manufactured goods

2

What was the reaction to the tariff of abominations

The south was angry. In order to sell their products overseas, they had to reduce their prices. At the same time, they were forced to pay higher prices for manufactured goods. The tariff will help Jackson win the 1828 election

3

Which tariff helped Jackson win the election of 1828

Tariff of abomination

4

Define nullify

Means to reject, not follow, or ignore

5

John C. Calhoun

Andrew Jacksons Vice President, from South Carolina

6

Doctrine of nullification

Calhoun wanted to make sure to keep the country together so he came up with this principle. The doctrine said that states had the right to nullify a federal law that it considers unconstitutional.






7

Why did Calhoun make ghetto doctrine of nullification

He believed in states rights, similar to Kentucky resolution. Calhoun's theory would allow states to control what happens in their borders. Essentially the states would determine if a law from congress was constitutional or not

8

Calhoun write his ideas about the doctrine of nullification down and presented it in the paper called

South Carolina exposition and protest

He didn't fear controversy

9

States rights?

Calhoun and s.c. will spark a debate that would last until the final bullet of the civil war. Should the power rest within the state or the federal government

10

Daniel Webster

Considered to be one of the greatest speakers of his time( favored federal government)

11

Robert Hayne

South Carolina senator(favored states rights)

12

In the Webster-Hayne debate, what did Hayne and Webster wash argue

Hayne argued that nullification gave the states a way to keep the federal government in check. Webster argued that government power to rule was granted by the people and not the states

13

Jackson vs Calhoun

Jackson was a southerner, but he wanted to keep the union together. In a toast for dinner, Jackson let the US know that he favored the union. This would make Calhoun and Jackson political enemies from then on

14

In Jackson vs Calhoun: how to keep the union together

Jackson asked congress to reduce the tariffs that angered the south. The reduced tariffs were then not enough. South Carolina nullified the two reduced tariffs and began to threaten to secede

15

Define secede

Withdraw from the union

16

Jackson's response to South Carolina threatening to secede if the government tried to collect tariffs

Congress passed the force bill which would let Jackson use military force to keep South Carolina in the union

17

Force bill

Let Jackson use military forces to keep South Carolina in the union

18

Who came up with a tariff compromise

Henry Clay

19

What did the tariff comprise do

Helped ease the tension between the US and South Carolina. The compromise tariff would eventually reduce the tariffs backs to the 1816 level. They would pacify the south for the first time being

20

Did South Carolina nullify the force bill

Yes

21

When was the tariff of abominations

1828(last month of John Quincy Adams presidency)