History Exam Review Part2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History Exam Review Part2 Deck (27):

Crispus Attucks

Runaway slave killed in the Boston massacre


Thomas Paine

Wrote common sense-significance: showed Americans didn't owe allegiance to the king. Urged colonists to get away from England and to establish and American republic


Thomas Jefferson

Drafted Declaration of Independence and was from Virginia


Common sense by Paine

Attacking those that weren't in America. It urged colonists to get away from England


Albany plan of union( what did it say, who wrote it, and what did the cartoon say)

1. Created grand council
2. Raised taxes and army
3. Made treaties & established settlements
Cartoon: join or die
Written by Franklin



When u are banned from buying goods from someone else. Ex: Boston tea party, and Townsend acts


Intolerable acts

Passed because of the Boston tea party


Boston massacre significance

Townsend acts repealed and boycott worked


Boston tea party

What: sons of Liberty dressed as natives and dumped tea overboard
What did this lead to: intolerable acts
Result: British had a tight clamp on the US


What did James Otis jr say

No taxation without representation


Declaration of Independence

July 4,1776 in Philadelphia by continental congress.
Found in unalienable rights. John Locke inspired Declaration of Independence


First continental congress

Intolerable acts led to creation of this group


French and Indian war

Led to treaty of Paris 1763


Sam Adams

Against British policies; designed committees of correspondence


Mercantilism and why was it used

Def:system of maintaining and creating wealth through carefully and controlled trade
Used: made sure more products were being sold by England then products being bought by England


Olive branch petition

The colonists didn't want to go to war with British so they made one more attempt at peace. The king squashed this idea


Proclamation of 1763

Colonial reaction: colonists continues to ignore and they settle west of the Appalachian mtns
Purpose: Britain was in debt and didn't have the extra money to protect the Ohio River valley


2nd continental congress

People: Adams, Hancock, Franklin, Washington, Henry
What: discussed how to handle Britain, made an army, and made money
Significance: they started acting like a government


Stamp act

What: required all legal and commercial documents to have a stamp
Significance: no taxation without representation, colonists gathered for stamp act congress


Committees of correspondence

Made sure people didn't forget the cause of Liberty. This linked the colonies


Sugar act

What: placed a tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies. There were strict punishments for smugglers
Significance: Otis said that taxation without representation is tyranny


Tea act

What: gave the British East Indies company the power to sell only this tea in America. Boycott led to Boston massacre


Townsend acts

Placed duties on glass, paper, paint, led, and tea to raise money
Significance: protested at the Boston massacre


Unalienable rights

They are rights that can't be taken away which are right to life, liberty, and property


Treaty of Paris 1763(3 terms included)

1. British received land east of the Mississippi and Florida
2. France gives Spain New Orleans and land west of the Mississippi
3. French power is ended in the US


Why did they colonies boycott

To get what they wanted and no tax


Effects of French and Indian war

How did this impact British economic policies?
Britain was in debt and they took control of the colonies