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Flashcards in Industriization Deck (22):
1

Industrialization

Occurred primarily in north, machines replaced work people did, factory work was the most common work in the north, unskilled workers replaced skilled workers, women and children worked,

2

Mass production

Production of large amounts of manufactured goods aided by machines and interchangeable parts

3

What was mass production aided by

Interchangeable parts

4

3 factors that led to Industrialization

War of 1812: cause Americans couldn't but goods from England they made them their self, Inventions: changed way manufactured goods were produced, improvements in transportation: goods could be shipped from east to west in short times

5

Interchangeable parts

Eli Whitney; parts that are exactly like another part

6

Factory system

Workers and machines work together under one roof

7

Urbanization

Factories were built in the cities as a result, many people moved to the cities

8

Steam boat

Fulton; allowed people and goods to travel upstream more quickly, farmers could ship crops more cheaply and manufactured goods shipped back to the farmers were much cheaper as well

9

Steel plow and mechanical reaper

Plow:Deere
Mechanical reaper: McCormick
Allowed farmers to more efficiently grow crops in the Midwest; grain sold to people in the cities

10

Bessemer steel process

A way to produce steel faster then before. Rapid steel production helped to feed the rapid growth of the railroads

11

Effects of cotton gin

Increased need for slaves, triggered move westward, planters grew more cotton, more natives were driven off their land

12

McCulloch vs Maryland

Supreme Court ruled that Maryland couldn't tax a national bank; Marshall is cheif Justice

13

Gibbons vs Ogden

Supreme Court rules that interstate commerce could be regulated only by the federal government, not state governments. Marshall is the Chief Justice- Gibbeons wins

14

Manifest destiny

Phrase coined by John O'Sullivan
Idea held by many Americans that the US should extend from the west to the east. Americans believed that it was the right to have a Western lands. American Indians believe it was the right to defend their territory

15

Causes of Mexican American war

Texas statehood, rio grande vs Nueces River, manifest destiny, US desire for pacific ports

16

Treaty of Guadalupe hidalgo

Ended the Mexican American war. Mexico ceded territory between Texas and Pacific ocean to the US , Mexico recognize Texas as part of the US

17

Impact of Mexican American war

Manifest destiny was complete, increased sectionalism, large population of Mexicans was introduced to the US-had important cultural and economic influence

18

Mexican cession

Territory ceded by Mexico to the US

19

Gadsden purchase

Squires by purchase from Mexico in 1853

20

Mormons

Moved west to escape religious persecution- settled in Utah

21

Homestead act

A family could attain a title to 160 acres of public land after clearing and improving it for 5 years

22

Transcontinental railroad

Railroad line that linked the well developed network on the east coast with California