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Flashcards in Chapter 5.3 Deck (28):
1

Why did the convention happen

Shays rebellion led Americans to see that the new government was not working and a new one was needed

2

Who said that the articles need to be fixed

Alexander Hammilton

3

Who came to the convention

All states except rhode island

4

How many delegates were at the convention total

55

5

Who wee the founding fathers of our country that were at the convention

Franklin
Washington
Madison

6

Who was president of the convention

Washington

7

Who is the father of the consitution

James Madison

8

Rules of convention

All p.o.v. had to be heard
Meeting behind closed doors
All windows and doors closed

9

Why did they have the windows and doors closed in the convention

They didn't want to fall under the influence of the public if they heard

10

Who was the Virginia plan proposed by? Who wrote it?

Proposed by: Randolph
Written by:Randolph and Madison

11

Purpose of Virginia plan

To get a 3 branch government and to get 2 houses(bicameral)

12

Representation in the Virginia plan would be based on

Population or wealth. Gave larger states an advantage

13

Legislative powers in Virginia plan

Issue taxes, regulate commerce, and make laws

14

What do the legislative powers in the Virginia plan show

Weakness of articles

15

Who was the NJ plan presented by

William Patterson

16

How many houses were in the NJ plan

1(unicameral)

17

In the NJ plan how many votes would each state get

They would get 1 vote and all states would be equally represented

18

What was the NJ plans government similar to

Articles of confederation gov

19

What is the great compromise aka

Connecticut compromise

20

Who was the Connecticut compromise presented by

Roger Sherman

21

In the great compromise how would the houses represent the state

Differently

22

In the great compromise how was the senate and the house

Senate: equal rep.
House: state pop

23

Reason for the 3/5 th compromise

Slave states wanted slaves to count towards population but not taxation, while non slave states wanted them to count towards taxation, not population

24

What does 3/5 mean in slavery

5 slaves = 3 people

25

Does the 3/5 ratio apply to pop and taxation

Yes

26

When did slave trade end

1808 which would not allow slaves to be brought into the country

27

When was the consitution written and sent for ratification by the states

September 15,1787

28

When was the constitutional convention

Where?

May 25 1787
Philadelphia