Chapter 3.4 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3.4 Part 2 Deck (23):
1

What did the triangular trade a link

It linked the colonies, the west Indies, and Africa

2

What was the middle passage

The routes taken by slave ships from Africa to South America and the West Indies

3

What percent of slave on the middle passage died

10 to 15%

4

When the slave trade became illegal later on what did the ship captains due to the slaves

He threw them overboard to avoid penalties

5

Navigation acts

Used to make sure England was benefiting from trade

6

What three things can only be sold in England or the colonies

Tobacco, wood, sugar

7

All colonial goods not shipped to England were

Taxed

8

What was the result of the navigation acts

Colonists became angry, and many colonists ignored the laws and smuggled the goods out of the country

9

What years was the great awakening

1730s to the 1740s

10

What causes the great awakening

People were not practicing the religion like they did when they came to the colonies. It lost appeal

11

What was preached during the great awakening

The idea of the quality and the right to challenge authority

12

Jonathan Edwards

Known for sermons that terrified listeners with images of gods anger already promised they could be saved

13

George Whitefield

Drew thousands of people to his sermons and he raised funds to start a home for orphans

14

Great awakening affect

It change the colonial culture. New churches were created and church membership greatly increased

15

What was Ben Franklin interested in

How natural laws govern the universe

16

What was John Locke interested in

He apply the law of nature to human societies

17

How did the alignment influence the colonies?(3)

Natural rights, government, and if the government fails to do this the people can change the government

18

What was natural rights

Where all people have the right to life, liberty, and property

19

What did John Locke say

Natural rights

20

Triangular trade

I trade route with three stops

21

What was mercantilism

The transferring of wealth from a colony to a parent country

22

What was the goal of merchantilism

England wanted to have a favorable balance of trade. More Products being sold by England then imports being bought by England

23

What does a leache represent

Leach=England sucking wealth out of the colonies