Flashcards in Chapter 9.2 Deck (27):
Nationalism and sectionalism
Nationalism: pride in your country
Sectionalism: put the desires of your section ahead of the nation
The American system & who created it
Created by: Henry clay
It was to help unite the US. It was a plan to help the country economically self sufficient
The plan for the American system
•PROTECTIVE TARRIFS: a tax on imported goods to protect American businesses. It made European goods more expensive and encouraged people to buy more American goods.
•Established a NATIONAL BANK: this would provide one form of money and make trade easier
•Improve TRANSPORTATION: in order to increase the speed at which goods were sent and received, the US would build national roads, canals, and begin working on railroads
Was a road built between Cumberland, Maryland and wheeling, Virginia. It would eventually extend to vandalia , Illinois. It was the countries main east to west route
Built to connect NYC to Buffalo and Lake Erie. It would open up the upper Ohio River valley and Great Lakes region to settlement and trade
Two things that the national road and Erie Canal made
•People who lived along the Great Lakes could now send their goods west and receive finished goods from the east.
•Trade created by the canal made NY the biggest city in the US.
Steam engines became a good way to move goods. Trains were faster and could reach places that the Erie Canal couldn't
By 1830 how many miles of tracks were there? 1850?
1830: 30 miles of track
1850: 9,000 miles of track
Era of good feelings
As the country began to unite from the efforts of clay, and others, political differences began to subside
3 things that the era of good feelings
•Monroe was president in 1816.
•Federalist Party died away.
•Power of national government increased through several Supreme Court cases.
When was gibbons vs Ogden and McCulloch vs Maryland
Gibbons vs Ogden: 1824
McCulloch vs Maryland: 1819
Who were gibbons and Ogden
Gibbons: steam boat owner who held a federal license to operate his boat on the Hudson River
Ogden: steamboat owner who held a state license to operate his boat on the Hudson River
Gibbons vs Ogden case
Ogden and the NY courts forced gibbons to stop operating on the Hudson River. Gibbons appealed the decision to NY
Gibbons vs Ogden result
The Supreme Court under Marshall ruled that since ferries moved between states the federal license was superior to the states. According to the constitution, congress can control interstate commerce. New yorks attempt to keep gibbons from working was unconstitutional
Who was McCulloch vs Maryland
McCulloch: cashier at the Baltimore branch of the 2nd bank of the US
Maryland: passed legislation that imposed taxes on the national bank
McCulloch vs Maryland case
Maryland wanted to tax the national bank. McCulloch refused to pay the tax, which led supreme courts to determine if the states can tax the federal government and determine if the bank was constitutional in the first place
McCulloch vs Maryland result
•The bank was constitutional.
•States can't tax the national government.
McCulloch vs Maryland Supreme Court decision increased the
Power of the national government. In each case, the court ruled that the power of the federal government was greater then that of the states
Each section of the country was different. What did each region have
South: slavery/ cotton
Midwest: wanted cheap land and transportation
What did all future decisions revolve around
Missouri compromise was aka
Compromise of 1820
What happened in the Missouri compromise
The US had 11 free states and 11 slave states. Adding Missouri would upset the balance
Who proposed the great compromise
The Missouri compromise only applied to
The Louisiana territory
What two things did the great compromise say
•Missouri: slave state; Maine: free state. Slavery would be banned from the •Louisiana territory north of missouri's southern border.
Slavery would be why eventually split the nation