Chapter 13.2-13.3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13.2-13.3 Deck (13):
1

Planters

Plantation owners; plantation owners were 1% of all people. They owned 90% of the slaves. They ran southern governments( overseer)

2

Yeoman

Common farmers; may or may not have slaves. If they did have slaves, they usually had less then 5

3

Slaves accounted for what fraction of the southern population

1/3; 400,000 slaves

4

5 slave jobs

Plantation slaves(cotton), domestic servants, craftsman, factory hands, day laborers

5

Some slaves were able to earn _______. Sometimes slaves could save up enough money to purchase ________

Wages; freedom

6

What percent of African Americans in the south were free

8%

7

Freedman

Even if u were free, the threat of being forced back into slavery was very real. If u didn't have paperwork, they could force u back into slavery

8

In order to survive what did slaves then to

Religion

9

Spirituals

Religious folk songs that expressed the beliefs of slaves. Many of them dealt with escaping slavery or gaining freedom from slavery. Some spirituals had coded messages about a planned escape or an owners unexpected return

10

Nat turner

Led a slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831. He believed that God wanted him to free the slaves. Turner led over 60 slaves in a rebellion against his master and others

11

Result of Nat Turners rebellion

He killed his master and began to move from plantation to plantation killing 55 white men(men, women, and children). He and his men were eventually killed or captured. Turner was hanged for his actions

12

Results of the slave rebellions

•fear spread in the south( whites killed more then 200 blacks). • State legislators past harsh laws to keep free blacks and slaves from having weapons or buying liquor. • slaves couldn't hold religious ceremony's without a white present. • tension on slavery increased between the north and south

13

Class system

Southern society was divided by class system. The class system determined what you could and could not do. It showed who had the power and who was seeking it