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Flashcards in Chapters 1/2 Deck (69)
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30

Majoritarian politics view

Leaders influenced by the views of the majority

31

So many political groups haggling, government goes into gridlock

Hyperpluralist view

32

Where are the fundamental democratic values stated?

The Preamble

33

Freedom within the context of order and fairness

Liberty

34

4 Fundamental Democratic Values

1) Popular sovereignty
2) Respect for the individual
3) Equality of opportunity
4) Liberty

35

What makes an election democratic?

Free and fair with competing parties

36

The Legislative branch consists of ____________.

Congress: the House and the Senate

37

Branch of government which enforces law

executive

38

Branch of government which interprets law

Judicial

39

The Following of The Ninth

Refers to Beethoven's 9th Symphony, which is used as a battle cry of people fighting for freedom

40

Ideal established by the Magna Carta

Limited government

41

What state constitution inspired the Preamble?

Massachusetts

42

3 Sources of inspiration for the Consitution

enlightenment ideals, british traditions, and colonial experience

43

3 problems with the Articles of Confederation

-National government could not tax
-No executive leader of judiciary
-No national currency

44

Annapolis Convention

convened to amend the A. of Confederation

45

Constitutional Convention

called to junk the A. of Confederation and start of; this purpose was concealed from the public

46

People must give up some freedom in the name of order

Social contract

47

Agreement to count slaves as 3/5s of a person for taxes and for representation

Compromise of 3/5s

48

Another name for the Great Compromise

Connecticut Compromise

49

What did the Great Compromise establish?

A bicameral legislature

50

The two main Federalists

Hamilton and Madison

51

The main Anti-Federalist

Patrick Henry

52

What sort of people were the Federalists?

Property owners, creditors, the elite

53

What sort of people were the anti-federalists?

Farmers, debtors, shopkeepers

54

2 British documents which influenced the Constitution

Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights

55

What was the goal of the Federalists?

Ratify the constitution

56

What was the primary belief of the antifederalists?

The government should be close to the people, thus, power should primarily remain with the states

57

Why is split ticket voting more common now than ever before?

Ballots are arranged by office, rather than by party

58

How did the Federalists and Anti-Federalists eventually compromise?

The addition of the Bill of Rights

59

Why were checks and balances established?

Fear of tyranny