Flashcards in Chapters 1/2 Deck (69)
Majoritarian politics view
Leaders influenced by the views of the majority
So many political groups haggling, government goes into gridlock
Where are the fundamental democratic values stated?
Freedom within the context of order and fairness
4 Fundamental Democratic Values
1) Popular sovereignty
2) Respect for the individual
3) Equality of opportunity
What makes an election democratic?
Free and fair with competing parties
The Legislative branch consists of ____________.
Congress: the House and the Senate
Branch of government which enforces law
Branch of government which interprets law
The Following of The Ninth
Refers to Beethoven's 9th Symphony, which is used as a battle cry of people fighting for freedom
Ideal established by the Magna Carta
What state constitution inspired the Preamble?
3 Sources of inspiration for the Consitution
enlightenment ideals, british traditions, and colonial experience
3 problems with the Articles of Confederation
-National government could not tax
-No executive leader of judiciary
-No national currency
convened to amend the A. of Confederation
called to junk the A. of Confederation and start of; this purpose was concealed from the public
People must give up some freedom in the name of order
Agreement to count slaves as 3/5s of a person for taxes and for representation
Compromise of 3/5s
Another name for the Great Compromise
What did the Great Compromise establish?
A bicameral legislature
The two main Federalists
Hamilton and Madison
The main Anti-Federalist
What sort of people were the Federalists?
Property owners, creditors, the elite
What sort of people were the anti-federalists?
Farmers, debtors, shopkeepers
2 British documents which influenced the Constitution
Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights
What was the goal of the Federalists?
Ratify the constitution
What was the primary belief of the antifederalists?
The government should be close to the people, thus, power should primarily remain with the states
Why is split ticket voting more common now than ever before?
Ballots are arranged by office, rather than by party
How did the Federalists and Anti-Federalists eventually compromise?
The addition of the Bill of Rights