Exam 4 - Ch 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 4 - Ch 17 Deck (52)
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31

This position requires children to maintain postural control of the head, trunk, and extremities against the pull of gravity and requires coactivation of the trunk flexors and extensors.

Sitting position

32

Sitting guidlelines 4 kids (SG4K): Hips and knees are flexed to __ degrees.

90

33

SG4K: ______ rests against chair back.

back

34

SG4K: The trunk is _____.

vertical

35

SG4K: The body is _____.

symmetrical

36

SG4K: The __ is aligned with the ___, at midline, and flexed slightly forward.

head, trunk

37

SG4K: Name the 3 back curves...

cervical, thoracic, and lumbar

38

SG4k: Both feet are positioned ______.

flat on the floor

39

The tabletop or lapboard is positioned at _______.

elbow height

40

_______ chairs are frequently used to decrease muscle tone in the hip adductors and internal rotation

bolster

41

What weights do wheelchairs come in?

ultralight, light, and heavy

42

What is it called when rear tires are filled with air?

pneumatic

43

Children with poor trunk control may favor a _-sitting position

W

44

What is the goal of therapeutic positioning?

To provide the necessary support to promote children's active engagement in occupations.

45

What is NDT?

Neurodevelopmental Treatment

46

What is NDT in a nutshell?

Through Reputition of movement, children develop neural pathways to help them move efficiently and accurately

47

Name some proximal key points of control

shoulders, hips, trunk, and pelvis

48

Inhibitory techniques are used to reduce ______.

hypertonicity

49

facilitation techniques are used to reduce _______.

hypotonicity (reduce is the key word - reduce the lack of muscle...get it? So basically you are trying to increase muscle strength)

50

For a list of NDT principles that guide interventions, see page 337 and 338

That's it - freebie to increase percentage

51

This type of therapy is used to facilitate normal postural control and movements so that children are able to engage in meaningful and age-appropriate activities.

Therapeutic Handling

52

What does NDT start with?

assessment