Flashcards in Module 16 Deck (51)
-- transition from puberty to social independence
Early maturing in boys: More popular, self-assured,
and independent; more at risk for alcohol use,
delinquency, and premature --
Early maturing girls: Mismatch between physical
and emotional maturity may encourage search for
--; teasing or sexual harassment may occur
Teens: Frontal lobe development and -- occur and may produce irrational and risky behaviors
-- believed in developing reasoning power in teens; Develop new abstract thinking tools (formal
-- believed in developing moral reasoning in teens; Use moral reasoning that develops in universal sequence to guide moral actions
much of morality rooted in moral intuitions that
are made quickly and automatically
Moral cognition is often automatic but can be overridden
moral action feeds --
Ability to delay gratification linked to more positive outcomes in adulthood
Self-interest; obey rules to avoid punishment or gain concrete rewards
preconventional morality (before age 9)
Uphold laws and rules to gain social approval or maintain social order
conventional morality (early adolescence)
Actions reflect belief in basic rights and self- defined ethical principles
postconventional morality (adolescence and beyond)
Adolescence struggle involves -- versus role confusion-continuing into adulthood
Social identity involves the “--” aspect of self- concept that comes from group memberships.
Healthy identity formation is followed by capacity to build --
Influence of parents and peers is --.
Includes the time from 18 to mid-twenties in a not-yet-
settled phase of life
emerging adulthood is characterized by not yet assuming adult responsibilities and independences and feelings of being --
T/F: early adulthood may involve living with and still being emotionally dependent on parents
Muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness
and cardiac output peak in mid-twenties.
Physical vigor more closely linked to health and
exercise than age
during middle adulthood, physical decline and fertility decline is --
Visual sharpness, distance perception, and stamina diminish; pupils shrink and become less transparent
Exercise slows aging and stimulates -- and neural connections
brain cell development
-- is peak time for some learning and memory.
-- shows greater decline in ability to recall rather than recognize memory.
-- is characterized by better retention of meaningful than meaningless information, longer word production time.
End of life is characterized by terminal decline; typically occurs during last -- years of life
Acquired (not lifelong) disorders marked by cognitive
NCDs are often related to Alzheimer’s disease, brain injury or disease, or --
NCDs results in the erosion of -- that is not typical of normal aging
- Marked by neural plaques, often with an onset after age 80
- Entails a progressive decline in memory and other cognitive abilities
Memory, then reasoning, deteriorates. As the disease continues to run its course: Emotionally flatness, disorientation and disinhibition, incontinence, and mental vacancy occurs
Loss of brain cells and deterioration of acetylcholine- producing neurons; protein fragments that accumulate as plaque
Midlife -- occurs in early forties
Social clock -- from era to era and culture to culture
being productive and supporting future generations
forming close relationships
Divorce rates related to women’s increased ability to -- and their higher expectations for a mate
-- marriage related to higher divorce rates
Work provides a sense of competence, accomplishment, and -- for many adults.
-- grow after midlife and negative feelings decline.
Brain-wave reactions to negative images -- with age.
Our ability to handle tasks and our organizational skills grow dramatically in our 20s and continue to improve as we age.
The initial growth of conscientiousness is in our -- is likely due to new work and family commitments
Our warmth, generosity, and helpfulness make the biggest improvement in our 30s and 40s; like conscientiousness, changes in agreeableness are probably due to new work and family commitments.
Worry and our sense of instability actually decrease with age for women--but not for men.
our desire to try new experiences declines slightly with age for both genders