Module 23 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 23 Deck (19):
1

Garcia and Koelling’s taste-aversion research

Limits on classical conditioning

2

Animals and humans seem -- prepared to learn some associations rather than others

biologically

3

Conditioning is stronger when the conditioned stimulus is -- relevant

ecologically

4

Genetic predisposition to associate CS with a US that follows predictably and immediately is --

adaptive

5

Nature limits species’ capacity for --

operant
conditioning

6

-- predispose organisms to learn associations that are naturally adaptive

Biological constraints

7

-- occurs as animals revert to biologically predisposed patterns

Instinctive drift

8

Mental information that guides behavior is acquired through --

cognitive learning.

9

Animal learning of predictability of event

(Rescorla and Wagner, 1972)

10

British children conditioning of ice-cream associated characters

(Field, 2006)

11

discounted importance of cognition

Skinner

12

§ Animal response on fixed-interval reinforcement
schedule
§ Development of cognitive map in rats (latent learning)
§ Destruction of intrinsic motivation by excessive rewards

evidence of cognitive processes

13

Higher animals learn without direct experience by
watching and imitating others

observational learning

14

pioneer researcher of observational learning

Bandura

15

Bobo doll experiment dealt with -- reinforcement and punishment

vicarious

16

Include frontal lobe neurons that some scientists believe fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so

mirror neurons

17

May enable imitation and empathy

brain's mirroring of another's action

18

Behavior modeling enhances learning of communication, sales, and customer service skills in new employees

prosocial effects

19

abusive parents may have aggressive children

antisocial effects