Module 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 25 Deck (28):
1

Past research: -- is contained in memory—waiting to be relived

whole past

2

-- during surgery are new creations of
stressed brain

Flashbacks

3

T/F: info is stored in single, specific spot

false

4

hippocampus and frontal lobes are dedicated to -- formation

explicit memory

5

Registers and temporarily holds elements of explicit memories before moving them to other brain regions for long-term storage

hippocampus

6

Neural storage of long- term memories is called memory --.

consolidation

7

implicit memory system

Cerebellum and basal ganglia

8

plays important role in forming and storing memories created by classical conditioning

cerebellum

9

Memories of physical skills are also implicit memories

basal ganglia

10

- Conscious memory of first three years is blank
- Command of language and well-developed hippocampus needed

infantile amnesia

11

emotion-related memory formation

amygdala

12

Excitement or stress trigger hormone production and provoke -- to engage memory.

amygdala

13

Emotional arousal causes an outpouring of --, which lead to activity in the brain’s memory-forming areas.

stress hormones

14

Flashbulb memories occur via -- hormonal changes and rehearsal.

emotion-triggered

15

increase in a synapse's firing potential

long-term potentiation (LTP)

16

After LTP, brain will not -- memories

erase

17

LTP is believed to be a -- for learning and memory

neural basis

18

pinpointed changes in sea slugs' neural connection

Kandel and Schwartz

19

with learning more -- released and cell efficiency increased --number of synapses increase

serotonin

20

memories held in storage by --

webs of associations

21

-- serve as anchor points for pathways to memory suspended in this web

Retrieval cues

22

Best retrieval cues come from associations formed -- a memory is encoded

at the time

23

Activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory

priming

24

Involves improved recall of specific information when the context present at encoding and retrieval are the same

context-dependent memory

25

Suggests cues and contexts specific to a particular memory will be most effective in helping recall

encoding specificity principle

26

Involves tendency to recall events consistent with
current good or bad mood (mood-congruent memory)

state-dependent memory

27

Involves tendency to recall experiences that are
consistent with one’s current good or bad mood

mood-congrument memory

28

Involves tendency to recall best the last (recency effect) and first (primacy effect) items in a list

serial position effect