Modules 51-53 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Modules 51-53 Deck (56):
1

mood:climate as -- is to weather

affect

2

Person experiences two or more weeks with five or more symptoms, at least one of which must be either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest or pleasure.

major depressive disorder

3

Person experiences mildly depressed mood more often than not for at least two years, alongwith at
least two other symptoms.

persistent depressive disorder

4

Person experiences not only depression but also mania— impulsive behavior.

bipolar disorder

5

loss of interest or pleasure

anhedonia

6

-- change with depression

behaviors and thoughts

7

T/F: depression is widespread

true

8

Women’s risk of major depression is nearly -- men’s

double

9

T/F: Most major depressive episodes end on their own.

true

10

With each new generation, depression is striking -- in life and affecting more people.

earlier

11

depression in -- are likely to be irritable and angry

men

12

Brain activity -- during depression

slows

13

left frontal lobe is -- during depression

less active

14

depressed brain has less norepinephrine and --

serotonin

15

risk increases if -- has disorders

family members

16

Twin studies data estimated heritability of major depression at -- percent

37

17

Linkage analysis points to --

“chromosome neighborhood”

18

Many -- work together and produce interacting small effects that increase risk for depression

genes

19

from most to least heritability of disorders

bipolar, schizophrenia, anorexia, major depressive, generalized anxiety

20

Psychological and social influences: Social- cognitive perspective
depressed people view self and world --

negatively

21

-- may exist with self-defeating beliefs, self-focused rumination, and self-blaming and pessimistic explanatory style

Learned helplessness

22

Explores how people’s assumptions and expectations
influence their perceptions

social-cognitive perspective

23

Views depression as an ongoing -- of stressful experiences (interpreted through negative beliefs, attributions, and memories) leading to negative moods and actions and fueling new stressful experiences

cycle

24

Involves 1 million people worldwide; higher risk with
diagnosis of depression but may occur with rebound

suicide

25

suicide is more likely to occur when people feel -- from or burden to others

disconnected

26

Includes cutting, burning, hitting oneself, pulling out hair, inserting objects under nails or skin, self- administered tattooing

nonsuicidal self-injury

27

-- percent of college students have suicidal thoughts

30%

28

suicide is the -- leading cause of deaths

3rd

29

-- is the leading factors for suicidal

depression

30

Psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression

schizophrenia

31

- Disturbed perceptions
- Disorganized thinking and speech
- Diminished and inappropriate emotions and actions

symptoms of schizophrenia

32

Form of schizophrenia in which symptoms usually appear by late adolescence or early adulthood

chronic schizophrenia

33

form of psychosis that can begin at any age; frequently occurs in response to an emotionally traumatic event

brief psychotic disorder

34

schizophrenia: excess number of -- receptors

dopamine

35

schizophrenia: abnormal brain activity and --

anatomy

36

schizophrenia: problems with several brain regions and their --

interconnections

37

schizophrenia: -- activity in the frontal lobes

low

38

schizophrenia: more rapid --

tissue loss

39

odds of being diagnosed with schizophrenia are -- in 100

1

40

odds of being diagnosed with schizophrenia are 1 in -- for those with diagnosed family member

10

41

odds of being diagnosed with schizophrenia: adopted children's risk is related to -- parent

biological

42

schizophrenia is influenced by -- genes

many

43

schizophrenia: -- influence gene expression

epigenetic factors

44

prenatal environment and risk for schizophrenia: -- birth weight

low

45

prenatal environment and risk for schizophrenia: lack of -- during delivery

oxygen

46

prenatal environment and risk for schizophrenia: maternal prenatal --

nutrition

47

prenatal environment and risk for schizophrenia: mid pregnancy --

viral infection

48

disruptive, inflexible, and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning; forms three clusters, characterized by anxiety, eccentric or odd behaviors, and dramatic or impulsive behaviors

personality disorder

49

lack of conscience for wrongdoing; impulsive, fearless

antisocial personality disorder

50

person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight

anorexia nervosa

51

person alternates binge eating with purging, fasting, or excessive exercise

bulimia nervosa

52

heritability rates: bipolar disorder

85%

53

heritability rates: schizophrenia

80%

54

heritability rates: anorexia nervosa

60%

55

heritability rates: major depressive disorder

35%

56

heritability rates: generalized anxiety disorder

28%