Flashcards in Modules 51-53 Deck (56)
mood:climate as -- is to weather
Person experiences two or more weeks with five or more symptoms, at least one of which must be either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest or pleasure.
major depressive disorder
Person experiences mildly depressed mood more often than not for at least two years, alongwith at
least two other symptoms.
persistent depressive disorder
Person experiences not only depression but also mania— impulsive behavior.
loss of interest or pleasure
-- change with depression
behaviors and thoughts
T/F: depression is widespread
Women’s risk of major depression is nearly -- men’s
T/F: Most major depressive episodes end on their own.
With each new generation, depression is striking -- in life and affecting more people.
depression in -- are likely to be irritable and angry
Brain activity -- during depression
left frontal lobe is -- during depression
depressed brain has less norepinephrine and --
risk increases if -- has disorders
Twin studies data estimated heritability of major depression at -- percent
Linkage analysis points to --
Many -- work together and produce interacting small effects that increase risk for depression
from most to least heritability of disorders
bipolar, schizophrenia, anorexia, major depressive, generalized anxiety
Psychological and social influences: Social- cognitive perspective
depressed people view self and world --
-- may exist with self-defeating beliefs, self-focused rumination, and self-blaming and pessimistic explanatory style
Explores how people’s assumptions and expectations
influence their perceptions
Views depression as an ongoing -- of stressful experiences (interpreted through negative beliefs, attributions, and memories) leading to negative moods and actions and fueling new stressful experiences
Involves 1 million people worldwide; higher risk with
diagnosis of depression but may occur with rebound
suicide is more likely to occur when people feel -- from or burden to others
Includes cutting, burning, hitting oneself, pulling out hair, inserting objects under nails or skin, self- administered tattooing
-- percent of college students have suicidal thoughts
suicide is the -- leading cause of deaths
-- is the leading factors for suicidal