Modules 51-53 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Modules 51-53 Deck (56)
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1

mood:climate as -- is to weather

affect

2

Person experiences two or more weeks with five or more symptoms, at least one of which must be either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest or pleasure.

major depressive disorder

3

Person experiences mildly depressed mood more often than not for at least two years, alongwith at
least two other symptoms.

persistent depressive disorder

4

Person experiences not only depression but also mania— impulsive behavior.

bipolar disorder

5

loss of interest or pleasure

anhedonia

6

-- change with depression

behaviors and thoughts

7

T/F: depression is widespread

true

8

Women’s risk of major depression is nearly -- men’s

double

9

T/F: Most major depressive episodes end on their own.

true

10

With each new generation, depression is striking -- in life and affecting more people.

earlier

11

depression in -- are likely to be irritable and angry

men

12

Brain activity -- during depression

slows

13

left frontal lobe is -- during depression

less active

14

depressed brain has less norepinephrine and --

serotonin

15

risk increases if -- has disorders

family members

16

Twin studies data estimated heritability of major depression at -- percent

37

17

Linkage analysis points to --

“chromosome neighborhood”

18

Many -- work together and produce interacting small effects that increase risk for depression

genes

19

from most to least heritability of disorders

bipolar, schizophrenia, anorexia, major depressive, generalized anxiety

20

Psychological and social influences: Social- cognitive perspective
depressed people view self and world --

negatively

21

-- may exist with self-defeating beliefs, self-focused rumination, and self-blaming and pessimistic explanatory style

Learned helplessness

22

Explores how people’s assumptions and expectations
influence their perceptions

social-cognitive perspective

23

Views depression as an ongoing -- of stressful experiences (interpreted through negative beliefs, attributions, and memories) leading to negative moods and actions and fueling new stressful experiences

cycle

24

Involves 1 million people worldwide; higher risk with
diagnosis of depression but may occur with rebound

suicide

25

suicide is more likely to occur when people feel -- from or burden to others

disconnected

26

Includes cutting, burning, hitting oneself, pulling out hair, inserting objects under nails or skin, self- administered tattooing

nonsuicidal self-injury

27

-- percent of college students have suicidal thoughts

30%

28

suicide is the -- leading cause of deaths

3rd

29

-- is the leading factors for suicidal

depression

30

Psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression

schizophrenia