Module 49-50 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 49-50 Deck (66)
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1

Are marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior

psychological disorders

2

psychological disorders interfere with --

function

3

Drilling skull holes may have been an attempt to release evil spirits and cure those with mental disorders.

trephination

4

Search for physical cause of mental disorders and for curative treatments

medical model

5

in medical model, mental illness diagnosed on basis of -- and treated through therapy, including treatment

symptoms

6

General approach positing that biological, psychological, and social- cultural factors all play a significant role in human functioning in the context of disease or illness

biopsychosocial approach

7

biopsychosocial approach, -- also informs our understanding of disorders

epigenetics

8

things happen to us: -- locus of control

external

9

we are agents of change: -- locus of control

internal

10

DSM-5 create diagnostic -- each containing a check-list of symptoms

categories

11

more than one or more additional disorders

comorbidity

12

things that go together (depression and anxiety)

kissing cousins

13

Describes disorders and estimates their occurrence

DSM-5

14

changes in the DSM-5

label changes, new/altered diagnoses, new categories

15

DSM-5 benefits

communication and research

16

Are people with psychological disorder dangerous?

no

17

Most people with disorders are -- and are more likely to be victims than attackers

nonviolent

18

Psychological disorder rates vary, depending on the -- and place of the survey.

time

19

-- is a risk factor for psychological disorders.

Poverty

20

are marked by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.

Anxiety disorders

21

Person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal

generalized anxiety disorder

22

Person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread and often lives in fear of when the next attack might strike

panic disorder

23

Person experiences a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

phobias

24

Characterized by persistent and repetitive thoughts
(obsessions), actions (compulsions), or both

obsessive-compulsive disorder

25

OCD occurs when obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors interfere with everyday life and cause --

distress

26

OCD is more common among

teens and young adults

27

-- is a driver of development and consequence of psychological disorder

SES

28

low SES tend to have fewer --

resources

29

T/F: high SES cannot lead to psychological disorder

false

30

worry disorder

generalized anxiety disorder