Modules 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Modules 22 Deck (30):
1

Includes pattern that defines how often a desired response
will be reinforced

reinforcement schedule

2

Involves reinforcing the desired response every time it
occurs

continuous reinforcement schedule

3

Includes schedule reinforcing a response only part of the
time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much
greater resistance to extinction than does continuous
reinforcement`

partial (intermittent) reinforcement

4

Every so many: reinforcement after every nth behavior, such as buy 10 coffees, get 1 free,

fixed ratio

5

reinforcement after a random number of behaviors (i.e. slot machines)

variable ratio

6

Every so often: reinforcement for behavior after a fixed time, such as Tuesday discount prices

fixed interval

7

Unpredictably often:
reinforcement for behavior after a random amount of time, as when checking for a Facebook response

variable interval

8

administers an undesirable consequence or withdraws something desirable in an attempt to decrease the frequency of a behavior (a child’s disobedience)

punishment

9

Presenting a negative consequence after an undesired behavior is exhibited, making the behavior less likely to happen in the future

positive punishment

10

Removing a desired stimulus after particular undesired behavior is exhibited, resulting in reducing behavior in future

negative punishment

11

Is taking away a reward a punishment?

yes

12

spanking a child is an example of -- punishment

positive

13

punished behavior is -- not forgotten. This temporary state may (negatively) reinforce parents' punishing behavior

suppressed

14

Punishment teaches -- among situations. (same behavior different circumstances)

discrimination

15

punishment can teach --

fear

16

-- may increase aggression by modeling aggression as a way to cope with problems

Physical punishment

17

T/F: punishment changes learning

false

18

changing/shaping behavior to get to the next level

operant conditioning

19

everyday behaviors are continually reinforced and shaped

operant conditioning

20

any event that strengthens a preceding response

reinforcement

21

Gradually guiding toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior

shaping

22

Skinner expanded on --

Thorndyke's law of effect

23

Skinner developed behavioral technology and principles of --

behavior control

24

Increases behaviors by presenting positive reinforcers

positive reinforcement

25

Is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response

positive reinforcer

26

Increases behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli

negative reinforcement

27

Is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response.

negative reinforcer

28

Is unlearned; innately reinforcing stimuli

primary reinforcer

29

Gains power through association with primary reinforcer

conditioned (secondary) reinforcer

30

reinforcers can be -- or delayed

immediate