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Flashcards in Psychotherapy Deck (23):
0

Classical psychoanalysis (Freud)

Helps clients uncover and resolve repressed, unconscious childhood conflicts; involves four main techniques.

1

Free association

Client says whatever comes to mind; technique uncovers unconscious meetings and pre-occupations.

2

Transference

Client transfers conflicts and emotions onto psychoanalyst; showed client how they feel about important people.

3

Resistance

Focuses on what client refuses to talk about; helped client recall repressed memories.

4

Dream analysis

Involves interpretation of the dream imagery, because unconscious conflicts manifest as symbols and dreams.

5

Psychodynamic therapy

Modified version of psychoanalysis that explores unconscious conflicts based on cultural or interpersonal factors, not childhood.

6

Humanistic therapies

Treat the whole person; involves two main techniques.

7

Person centered therapy (Rogers)

Based on beliefs and fundamental goodness of human; therapist encouraged client to achieve self actualization via three techniques.

8

Unconditional positive regard

Person is valued no matter what.

9

Authenticity

Therapist is always honest.

10

Empathy

Therapist must feel what the patient is feeling.

11

Exitstential therapy

Tries to Imbue meaning into clients' life. Helps client take responsibility and exercise free choice. Goal is to make client feel life is authentic.

12

Behavior therapies

Treatments that involve changing behavior with little or no attention to the causes of the behavior. Effective for phobias. They involve three main techniques.

13

Exposure techniques

Brakes connection between stimuli in the resulting fears.

14

Extinction

Therapist presents a stimulus without the threatening response, so that the associated fear will eventually disappear.

15

Systematic desensitization

Therapist teaches client to replace feelings of fear with relaxation; exposes client a hierarchy of stimuli called anxiety hierarchy.

16

Aversion therapy

Pairing clients habit with an unpleasant stimulus so the client break the habit.

17

Operant conditioning

The control of behavior through reinforcement; enforces the connection between behavior and consequences. Involves two main techniques.

18

Token economy

Provide rewards for desired behaviors.

19

Contingency management

Client learns that behaviors have strict consequences.

20

Cognitive therapies

Treatments that change the clients thought patterns.

21

Rational emotive therapy (Ellis)

Confronts and changes clients' irrational beliefs.

22

Cognitive therapy (Beck)

Replaces negative thoughts with positive thoughts.