Flashcards in Psychotherapy Deck (23):
Classical psychoanalysis (Freud)
Helps clients uncover and resolve repressed, unconscious childhood conflicts; involves four main techniques.
Client says whatever comes to mind; technique uncovers unconscious meetings and pre-occupations.
Client transfers conflicts and emotions onto psychoanalyst; showed client how they feel about important people.
Focuses on what client refuses to talk about; helped client recall repressed memories.
Involves interpretation of the dream imagery, because unconscious conflicts manifest as symbols and dreams.
Modified version of psychoanalysis that explores unconscious conflicts based on cultural or interpersonal factors, not childhood.
Treat the whole person; involves two main techniques.
Person centered therapy (Rogers)
Based on beliefs and fundamental goodness of human; therapist encouraged client to achieve self actualization via three techniques.
Unconditional positive regard
Person is valued no matter what.
Therapist is always honest.
Therapist must feel what the patient is feeling.
Tries to Imbue meaning into clients' life. Helps client take responsibility and exercise free choice. Goal is to make client feel life is authentic.
Treatments that involve changing behavior with little or no attention to the causes of the behavior. Effective for phobias. They involve three main techniques.
Brakes connection between stimuli in the resulting fears.
Therapist presents a stimulus without the threatening response, so that the associated fear will eventually disappear.
Therapist teaches client to replace feelings of fear with relaxation; exposes client a hierarchy of stimuli called anxiety hierarchy.
Pairing clients habit with an unpleasant stimulus so the client break the habit.
The control of behavior through reinforcement; enforces the connection between behavior and consequences. Involves two main techniques.
Provide rewards for desired behaviors.
Client learns that behaviors have strict consequences.
Treatments that change the clients thought patterns.
Rational emotive therapy (Ellis)
Confronts and changes clients' irrational beliefs.