Flashcards in Thinking Deck (15):
The representation has none of the qualities of the thing it represents.
Visual (mental) imagery
Representations of sensory experience that occur in the brain, without the presence of sensory input.
Mental classification of objects and events based on common features.
A class or category with individuals or subtypes (birds).
The best example of a concept (sparrow).
The use of a set of information to achieve a goal. There are two main strategies.
A systematic step-by-step method of trying every possible solution.
Use a rule of thumb that worked in the past; does not guarantee a solution.
A rule of thumb by which we rely on information that is more prominent are easily recalled and overlook other information that is available but less prominent or notable.
Judging a situation based on how similar it is to a prototypical situation, regardless of how common the situation is.
The process of choosing between options.
The way problem is posed affects the perception of how it is best solved.
A mental process by which we apply knowledge to achieve goals that involves solving problems are making plans and decisions.
Reasoning from particulars to the general: using particular experiences or observations to draw a broader conclusion.