Flashcards in Module 52 Deck (21):
involves an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and mental patient.
uses drugs or other procedures that act on the patient's nervous system curing him of psychological disorders.
uses various forms of healing techniques depending on the client's unique problems.
to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them.
Freud: patient lies on a couch and speaks whatever comes to mind.
During free association, the patient edits his thought to resist his feelings and to express his emotions.
Eventually the patient opens up and reveals his innermost private thoughts to the therapist developing positive or negative feelings (transference) towards him.
Criticisms of Psychoanalysis
its hard to refute because it cannot be proven or disproven, takes a long time and is wickedly expensive.
aim to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grin in self-awareness and self-acceptance.
echoing, restating, and clarifying the patient's thinking, acknowledging expressed feelings.
applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. To treat behavior therapists don't delve deeply below the surface.
a procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors.
-Aversive and exposure therapies
treats anxiety by exposing people (in imagination or reality) to things they fear or avoid.
a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-arousing stimuli commonly used to treat phobias.
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. With this technique, temporary condition aversion to alcohol has been reported.
Operant conditioning procedures enable therapists to use behavior modification in which desired behavior is rewarded and undesired behaviors are not or are punished.
a patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats.
Cognitive Therapy for Depressing
tires to reverse patients negative beliefs about themselves, their situations and their futures.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Combines the reversal of self-defeating thinking (cognitive) with efforts to modify behavior (behaviorists) in everyday settings.
puts people with like problems together.