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Flashcards in Module 2 Deck (8)
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Hindsight bias

We tend to believe, after learning an outcome, that we would have for seen it.

I knew it all along phenomenon

1

Scientific method

Psychologist, like all scientists, use the scientific method to construct theories that organize, summarize, and simplify observations.

2

Theory

An explanation that integrates principles, organizes and predicts behaviors or events.

Example, how low self-esteem contributes to depression.

3

Hypothesis

A testable prediction,often induced by theory, to enable us to accept, reject, or revise the theory.

4

Research

Would require us to administer tests of self-esteem and depression to people.

5

Mode

The most frequently occurring score in a distribution.

6

Mean

The arithmetic average scores in a distribution obtained by adding the scores and then dividing by their number.

7

Median

The middle score in a rank ordered distribution.