Flashcards in Module 29 Deck (19):
Refers to a process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering and. communicating.
Thinking involves a number of mental activities listed below, and cognition psychologists study with them with great detail.
concepts, problem-solving, decision-making, and judgment formation.
Ways to organize concepts in a way that makes them more simple for us to understand.
We form concepts by a mental image or a best example that incorporates items in a category, which is a prototype.
Methodical, logical of rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem.
Algorithms exhaust all possibilities before arriving at a solution. They take a long time.
Simple thinking strategy is that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently. Speedier but more error-prone than algorithms.
Heuristics make it easy for us to use simple principles to arrive at solutions to problems.
Involves sudden novel realization of the solution to a problem. Inside is in humans and animals.
Right temporal cortex
This cortex activates when an insight strikes.
A tendency to search for information that confirms a personal bias.
Inability to see a problem from a fresh perspective. Impediment to problem-solving. Two examples are mental set and functional fixedness.
A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way especially away that has been successful in the past.
A tendency to think of the only familiar functions for objects.
The inability to think about screwdriver as a weight is functional fixedness about the project.
Judging the likelihood of things or objects in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match a particular Proto type.
Whatever increases the ease of retrieving information increases it's perceived availability.
Tendency to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments.
Opposed to overconfidence is our tendency for exaggerated fear about how things may happen.
How an issue or an object is represented.
The tendency for one's pre-existing beliefs to distort logical reasoning sometimes by making in valid conclusions.