Flashcards in Social Development Deck (14):
The growth in how one relates to others.
Emotional connection or relationship between caretaker and baby.
Harlow's Monkey Studies
Showed that fear of unknown produces attachment.
Monkeys preferred soft, cuddly surrogate mothers even if they didn't have food.
Monkeys raised without mothers were socially incompetent, aggressive, and unable to raise their own babies.
Warm relationships exists between baby and mother; infant is not afraid of abandonment.
Close relationships exists between baby and mother, but baby is afraid of abandonment.
Distant relationship between baby and mother, and child seems indifferent to whether mother is present.
The process by which one acquires the patterns of behavior of ones society.
Parents are strict and rigid and require obedience and conformity to rules.
Parents are firm but fair; make and enforce rules but allow questions and encourage reasonable independence.
Parents do not make any rules or enforce the ones they make.
Erikson's Stages of Development
•Trust vs. mistrust: birth-18 months
•Autonomy vs. shame /doubt: 18 months-3 years
•initiative vs. guilt: 3-6
•competence vs. inferiority: 6-12
•identity vs. role confusion: 12-18
•intimacy vs. isolation: 19-40
•productivity vs. stagnation: 40-65
•ego integrity vs. despair: 65-death
Differentiation into gender role or sexual identity.
Behavioral patterns considered appropriate for men and women.