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AP Psychology > Social Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Development Deck (14):
0

Social development

The growth in how one relates to others.

1

Attachment

Emotional connection or relationship between caretaker and baby.

2

Harlow's Monkey Studies

Showed that fear of unknown produces attachment.

Monkeys preferred soft, cuddly surrogate mothers even if they didn't have food.

Monkeys raised without mothers were socially incompetent, aggressive, and unable to raise their own babies.

3

Secure attachment

Warm relationships exists between baby and mother; infant is not afraid of abandonment.

4

Resistant attachment

Close relationships exists between baby and mother, but baby is afraid of abandonment.

5

Avoidant attachment

Distant relationship between baby and mother, and child seems indifferent to whether mother is present.

6

Socialization

The process by which one acquires the patterns of behavior of ones society.

7

Autocratic parenting

Parents are strict and rigid and require obedience and conformity to rules.

8

Authoritative

Parents are firm but fair; make and enforce rules but allow questions and encourage reasonable independence.

9

Permissive

Parents do not make any rules or enforce the ones they make.

10

Erikson's Stages of Development

•Trust vs. mistrust: birth-18 months
•Autonomy vs. shame /doubt: 18 months-3 years
•initiative vs. guilt: 3-6
•competence vs. inferiority: 6-12
•identity vs. role confusion: 12-18
•intimacy vs. isolation: 19-40
•productivity vs. stagnation: 40-65
•ego integrity vs. despair: 65-death

11

Psychosexual development

Differentiation into gender role or sexual identity.

12

Gender roles

Behavioral patterns considered appropriate for men and women.

13

Freudian theory

Four stages: oral, anal, phallic, and genital.