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Flashcards in Module 48 Deck (9)
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension, autonomic arousal, and unable to identify or avoid the cause of their feelings.


Panic Disorder

Minute-long episodes of intense dread which may include feelings of terror, chest pains, choking or other frightening sensations. Most think they are heaving a heart attack.

WOMEN are twice as likely to have this disorder.



Marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that disrupts behavior.


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Persistence of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urge to engage in senseless rituals or actions (compulsions) that cause distress.


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Four or more weeks of the following symptoms:
Haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, sleep problems.


Psychoanalytic Perspective

Freud suggested that we repress our painful intolerable, ideas, feelings, and thoughts resulting in anxiety.


Learning Theorists

suggest that fear conditioning leads to anxiety. This anxiety then gets associated with other objects or events and gets reinforced.


Learning Perspective

Fear responses, investigators believe, are in calculated through observational learning. Young monkeys develop fear when they watch other monkeys fear snakes.


Biological Perspective

Natural selection has led our ancestors to learn to fear snakes, spiders, and other animals. So fear preserves the species.

Twin studies show that GENES may partially be responsible for developing fears and anxiety.