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Flashcards in Three Memory Systems Deck (11):
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Sensory memory

We're information first enters memory system. Large capacity, short duration; some of it is encoded or stored in the STM.

1

Short-term memory/working memory

Where we use and are aware of memories. Small capacity 7_+2 items.

2

Chunking

STM capacity increases by recoding information into larger, meaningful units. Short duration of 30 seconds.

3

Rehearsal

Short-term memory duration increases through repetition of information.

4

Long-term memory

Relatively permanent storage information, unlimited capacity, and long duration. One can transfer memories from short-term memory to long-term memory by rehearsal.

5

Implicit memory

Mental and emotional processes that we are unaware of but that bias and influence our conscious feelings, thoughts, and behaviors.

For example, you cannot describe the complex motor movements your feet make as they walked down the stairs because such motor memories are stored in implicit memory, who's content you're unaware of and cannot voluntarily recall.

6

Explicit memory

Memory for facts, events, meanings.

7

Semantic memory

Memory for general meanings and information.

8

Episodic memory

Memory of specific personal events.

9

Iconic memory

Form of sensory memory that automatically hold visual information for about a quarter of a second or more; as soon as you shift your attention, the information disappears.

10

Echoic memory

Is a form of sensory memory that holds auditory information for one or two seconds.