Flashcards in Module 10 Deck (18):
Defined as life between childhood and adulthood.
Sexual maturation. Puberty occurs earlier and females than males.
Primary sexual characteristics
The reproductive organs and external genitalia.
Secondary sexual characteristics
The non-reproductive traits such as breasts and hips and girls and facial hair and deepening voice and boys develop rapidly.
Unused Neuron connections are lost to make other pathways more efficient.
Adolescence his ability to reason gives them a new level of social awareness.
Trust versus mistrust
If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust.
Autonomy versus shame and doubt
Toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves, or they doubt their abilities.
Initiative versus guilt
Preschoolers learn to initiate tasks and carry out plans, or they feel guilty about efforts to be independent.
Competence versus inferiority
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to tasks, or they feel inferior.
Identity versus role confusion
Teenagers work at refining a sense of self by testing rolls and then integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused about who they are.
Intimacy versus isolation
Young adult struggle to form close relationships and to gain the capacity for intimate love, or they feel socially isolated.
Generativity versus stagnation
The middle-age discover a sense of contributing to the world, usually through family and work, or they may feel a lack of purpose.
Integrity versus despair
When reflecting on his or her life, the older adult may feel a sense of satisfaction or failure.
Forming an identity (erikson)
In western cultures many adolescents try out different selves before settling into a consistent and comfortable identity. Having such an identity leads to form close relationships.
Before age 9, children show morality to avoid punishment or gain reward.
By early adolescence social rules and laws are upheld for their own sake.