Module 47 Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > Module 47 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 47 Deck (14):
1

The Medical Model

the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these metal illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital.

2

DSM-IV

DSM will classify disorders and describe the symptoms.
DSM will NOT explain causes or possible cures.

3

psychological disorder

persistently harmful thoughts, actions, and feelings.

When behavior is DEVIANT, DISTRESSFUL, DYSFUNCTIONAL

4

Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic

Internal, unconscious drives.

5

Humanistic

Failure to strive to one's potential or being out of touch with one's feelings.

6

Behavioral

Reinforcement history, the environment.

7

Cognitive

Irrational, dysfunctional thoughts of ways of thinking.

8

Sociocultural

Dysfunctional society.

9

Biomedical/Neuroscience

Organic problems, biochemical imbalances, genetic predispositions.

10

Somatoform Disorders

a condition in which psychological issues are expressed in bodily symptoms in the absence of any real physical problems

EX: conversion disorders, hypochondriasis, body dysmorphic disorder.

11

Dissociative Disorders

Memory of a part of one's life becomes disconnected from other parts.

EX: Amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder.

12

Mood Disorders

disturbances characterized by a depressed mood, an exaggerated "up" mood, or an alternation between the two.

EX: Dysthymic disorder, Mania, Major Depressive Disorder, Selective Forgetting, Bipolar Disorder.

13

Psychotic Disorders

a group of severe disorders characterized by: disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, inappropriate emotions and actions.

Schizophrenia is most common.

14

Personality Disorders

psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.