Flashcards in Module 57 Deck (15):
Simply called, "prejudgment" a prejudice is an unjustifiable NEGATIVE attitude toward a group and its members. Often of different cultural, ethnic, or gender groups.
Emotions (hostility, fear, envy)
Predisposition to act (to discriminate)
An outlet for anger by providing someone to blame. After 9/11 many people lashed out against innocent Arab Americans.
Shared biologically transmitted traits deemed "socially significant"
Social roots of prejudice
Social inequalities, social divisions, and emotional scapegoating.
When people have money, power, and prestige, and others do not, prejudice develops. Social inequalities increase prejudice.
The tendency of people to believe the world is just and people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
Can be any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy whether done reactively out of hostility or proactively as a calculated means to an end.
Biology of aggression
Three levels of biological influences on aggressive behavior are:
Animals have been bred for aggressiveness - for sport and at times for research. Twin studies show aggression may be genetic. In men, aggression is possibly linked to Y chromosome.
Some centers in the brain, especially in the limbic system and the frontal love are intimately involved with aggression.
Animals with finished amounts of testosterone become docile, and if injected with testosterone aggression increases.
Perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas.
A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally perusing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior (lose-lose)
The practice of judging others in terms of ones own cultural standards.