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Flashcards in Module 57 Deck (15):
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Prejudice

Simply called, "prejudgment" a prejudice is an unjustifiable NEGATIVE attitude toward a group and its members. Often of different cultural, ethnic, or gender groups.

Components:
Beliefs
Emotions (hostility, fear, envy)
Predisposition to act (to discriminate)

1

Prejudice provides...

An outlet for anger by providing someone to blame. After 9/11 many people lashed out against innocent Arab Americans.

2

Race

Shared biologically transmitted traits deemed "socially significant"

3

Social roots of prejudice

Social inequalities, social divisions, and emotional scapegoating.

4

Social inequality

When people have money, power, and prestige, and others do not, prejudice develops. Social inequalities increase prejudice.

5

Just-world phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe the world is just and people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.

6

Aggression

Can be any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy whether done reactively out of hostility or proactively as a calculated means to an end.

7

Biology of aggression

Three levels of biological influences on aggressive behavior are:

Genetic influences
Neural influences
Biochemical influences

8

Genetic influences

Animals have been bred for aggressiveness - for sport and at times for research. Twin studies show aggression may be genetic. In men, aggression is possibly linked to Y chromosome.

9

Neural influences

Some centers in the brain, especially in the limbic system and the frontal love are intimately involved with aggression.

10

Biochemical influences

Animals with finished amounts of testosterone become docile, and if injected with testosterone aggression increases.

11

Conflict

Perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas.

12

Social trap

A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally perusing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior (lose-lose)

13

Ethnocentrism

The practice of judging others in terms of ones own cultural standards.

14

Frustration aggression principle

Theory that says aggression is the result of blocking or frustrating, a persons efforts to attain a goal.