Flashcards in Module 58 Deck (17):
Geographic nearness is a powerful predictor of friendship.
Mere exposure effect
Repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases their attraction (all about proximity). The more we are exposed to something, the more we become attracted.
Once proximity affords contact the next most important thing in attraction is physical appearance.
Having similar views between individuals causes the bond of attraction to strengthen.
SIMILARITY BREEDS ATTRACTION
An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another usually present at the beginning of a loving relationship
Schachter's two-factor theory of emotion:
1. Physical arousal plus cognitive appraisal.
2. Arousal from any source can enhance one emotion depending on what we interpret or label the arousal.
Deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined.
A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it.
Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.
Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
Tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.
The decision making process for bystander intervention.
1. Notice incident---interpret incident as emergency---assumes responsibility---attempts to help
Social exchange theory
Our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.
The exception that we should return help not harm to those who have helped us.
Social responsibility norm
Largely learned, a norm that tells us to help others when they need us even though they may not repay us in kind.
Are shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.