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Flashcards in Module 58 Deck (17):
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Proximity

Geographic nearness is a powerful predictor of friendship.

1

Mere exposure effect

Repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases their attraction (all about proximity). The more we are exposed to something, the more we become attracted.

2

Physical attractiveness

Once proximity affords contact the next most important thing in attraction is physical appearance.

3

Similarity

Having similar views between individuals causes the bond of attraction to strengthen.

SIMILARITY BREEDS ATTRACTION

4

Passionate love

An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another usually present at the beginning of a loving relationship

5

Schachter's two-factor theory of emotion:

1. Physical arousal plus cognitive appraisal.
2. Arousal from any source can enhance one emotion depending on what we interpret or label the arousal.

6

Companionate love

Deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined.

7

Equity

A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it.

8

Self-disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.

9

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.

10

Bystander effect

Tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.

11

Bystander intervention

The decision making process for bystander intervention.
1. Notice incident---interpret incident as emergency---assumes responsibility---attempts to help

12

Social exchange theory

Our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.

13

Reciprocity norm

The exception that we should return help not harm to those who have helped us.

14

Social responsibility norm

Largely learned, a norm that tells us to help others when they need us even though they may not repay us in kind.

15

Superordinate goals

Are shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.

16

Communication

And understanding is developed through talking to one another. Sometimes mediated with a third party.