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AP Psychology > Forgetting > Flashcards

Flashcards in Forgetting Deck (8)
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Decay

Memory becomes a eroded because we have not used it for a while.

1

Displacement

Items are pushed out of memory by other items; applies only to short-term memory and sensory memory, not long-term memory.

2

Primacy effect

Higher likelihood of remembering earlier rather than later information.

3

Recency effect

Higher likelihood of remembering information presented at the end of a task.

4

Reconstructive nature of memory

Remembering by combining elements of experience with existing knowledge; often through use of schemas, organize knowledge structures stored in memory that are used to guide comprehension and memory.

5

Interference in long-term memory

Can occur via proactive interference, early learning disrupt later learning, or retroactive interference, later learning disrupts earlier learning.

6

Anterograde amnesia

Patient cannot form new memories after brain injury.

7

Retrograde amnesia

Patient cannot remember events prior to brain injury.