Flashcards in Module 45/46 Deck (19)
Psychologists wanted to focus on healthy people and how to help them strive to be all they can be, or fulfill their potential.
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers.
Maslow proposed that we as individuals are motivated by a hierarchy of needs. Starting with psychological needs we try to reach the state of self actualization by fulfilling our potential.
Unconditional positive regard
Carl Rogers also believed in individuals self actualization tendencies. Unconditional positive regard was an attitude of acceptance of others amidst their failings.
Fragile and egotistic.
Less fragile and less dependent on external evaluation.
Questionnaires designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors assessing several traits at once.
Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests originally developed to identify emotional disorders.
The characteristics of a person.
The big five factors
Conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extroversion.
Social – cognitive perspective
Bandura believes that personality is the result of an interaction that takes place between a person and his social context.
Personality is the result of an interaction that takes place between a person and their social context.
Behavior, cognition, and environment.
External locus of control
Refers to the perception that chance or outside forces beyond our personal control determine our fate.
Internal locus of control
Refers to the perception that we can control our own fate.
When unable to avoid repeated aversive events, an animal or human learns hopelessness.
Aims to discover and promote conditions that enable individuals and communities to thrive.
Positive psychology and humanistic psychology
Positive psychology like humanistic psychology attempts to foster human fulfillment. Focuses on three components or pillars: positive emotions, positive character, and positive groups or cultures.