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Flashcards in Module 3 Deck (16):
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Case study

A technique in which one person is studied in depth reveal underline behavioral principles.

1

Survey

A technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes, opinions, or behaviors of people usually by questioning a representative, random sample of people.

2

Wording affect

Wording can change the results of the survey.

3

False consensus effect

A tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors.

4

Random sampling

From a population, if each member has an equal chance of inclusion into a sample, we call that a random sample. If the survey sample is biased, it's results are spurious.

5

Naturalistic observation

Observing and recording behavior of animals in the wild, two recording self seating patterns in lunchrooms in multiracial school constitute naturalistic observation.

6

Correlation

When one trade her behavior accompanies another, we say the two correlate.

7

Scatterplots

Graphs comprised of points generated by values of two variables, the slope of points depicts the direction, and the amount of scatter the strength of relationship.

8

Illusory correlation

The perception of a relationship where none exists. Parents conceive children after adoption.

9

Independent variable

Is a factor, manipulated by the experimenter, and whose effect is being studied.

10

Dependent variable

Factor that may change in response to independent variable. In psychology, it is usually a behavior or mental process.

11

Placebo effect

Experimental results caused by expectations alone; any effect on behavior caused by the administration of an inner substance or condition which is assumed to be an active agent.

12

Double-blind procedure

In evaluating drug therapies it is important to keep the patients and experimenters assistance blind to wish patient got real treatment and which placebo.

13

statistical reasoning

statistical procedures analyze and interpret data and let us see what the unaided eye misses.

14

Range

The difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.

15

Standard deviation

A computed measure of how much scores vary around the mean.