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Psychological disorder

Are defined by the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition.


Anxiety disorders

Include phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.



Intense, irrational fears of specific items or situation; include Agoura phobia, fear of open, public spaces, and social phobia, fear of embarrassing Social Situations.


Generalized anxiety disorder

Chronic, pervasive low-level anxiety.


Panic disorders

Intermittent anxiety, characterized by panic attacks, episodes of frightening mental and physical symptoms.


Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Includes obsessions, uncontrollable, repetitive internal thoughts the cause anxiety, and compulsions, behaviors perform to counteract excessive thoughts.


Mood disorders

Include major depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.


Major depression

Characterized by unhappiness, fatigue, loss of appetite, low self-esteem, and lasts for more than two consecutive weeks.


Bipolar disorder

Periods of depression followed by periods of mania, high-energy, lack of inhibition.


Seasonal affective disorder

Mood affected by time of year, and or lack of sunlight.


Dissociative disorder

Includes amnesia, person loses memory for personal identity, and identity, two or more distinct personalities and one person.


Somatoform disorders

A pattern of reoccurring, multiple, and significant bodily complaints that extend over several years. The physical symptoms, pain, vomiting, paralysis, blindness, are not under voluntary control, have no known physical causes, and are believed to be caused by psychological factors.

Hypochondriasis and conversion.



Positive symptoms: hallucinations, disorganized thought and speech, delusions, false believes.
Negative symptoms: lack of speech and emotional expression, social withdrawal.


Catatonic schizophrenia

Motionless in this, sudden friends witness, and holding of contorted postures.


Disorganized schizophrenia

Incoherence, inappropriate emotional reactions.


Paranoid schizophrenia

Delusions of persecutions and Granduer.


Personality disorders

Stable patterns of experience and behavior that differ noticeably from patterns that are considered normal by a person's culture. Disorders include antisocial personality disorder or a narcissistic personality disorder.


Dissociative identity disorder

The presence in a single individual of two or more distinct identities or personality states, each with its own pattern of proceeding, thinking about, and relating to the world. Different personality states may take control of the individuals thoughts and behaviors at different times. Formally called multiple personality disorder.


Dysthymic disorder

A mood disorder characterized by feeling chronically but not continuously depressed for a period of two years. While depressed, a person experiences at least two of the following symptoms: poor appetite, insomnia, fatigue, low self-esteem, poor concentration, and feelings of hopelessness.


Dissociative fugue

A disturbance in which an individual suddenly and unexpectedly troubles away from home or place of work and is unable to recall his or her past. The person may not remember his or her identity or maybe confused about his or her new, assumed identity.