Topic 5.4: Cladistics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 5.4: Cladistics Deck (5)
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Define clade

A clade is a group of organisms that have evolved from a common ancestor


Define cladograms

Cladograms are tree diagrams where each branch point represents the splitting of two new groups from a common ancestor


Define convergent evolution

Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species with distinct lineages


Define homologous structures

Traits that are similar because they are derived from common ancestry are termed homologous structures


Define analogous structures

Traits that are superficially similar but were derived through separate evolutionary pathways are termed analogous structures

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