17 - The Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 17 - The Digestive System Deck (85)
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60

Chronic inflammation of the digestive or GI tract

Crohn disease

61

Overly frequent and loose or fluid evacuations of the large intestine

Diarrhea

62

An inflammation of a sac-like appendage on the inside walls of the large intestine.

Diverticulitis

63

Difficulty in swallowing.

Dysphagia

64

An inflammation of the small intestine

Enteritis

65

A mass in the groin stemming from a looped large intestine that occurs most frequently in overweight females.

Femoral hernia

66

Digestive gas

Flatus

67

A chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, usually accompanied by gallstones.

Gallbladder disease

68

An inflammation of the stomach

Gastritis

69

An acute inflammation of the lining of the GI tract

Gastroenteritis

70

An inflammation of the gums

Gingivitis

71

Indigestion accompanied by a burning sensation.

Heartburn

72

A generally non-life-threatening disease that is transmitted though contaminated food and drink and causes flu-like symptoms after a 2-week incubation period.

Hepatitis A

73

A viral diease, spread by contact with contaminated blood or passed through the placenta from mother to child; a person can be a carrier and be asymptomatic; sever infections are characteristic, as is cirrhosis of the liver.

Hepatitis B

74

A viral disease most commonly caused through the transfusion of infected blood; spreading by sexual contact is rare. The signs and symptoms are similar to that of Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C

75

A protusion of an organ through the body wall or into another organ, such as a loop of the large intestine protruding through the abdomen.

Hernia

76

A type of hernia in which part of the stomach is protruding through the diaphragm.

Hiatal hernia

77

Name given to a group of disorders that cause inflammation to the instestines.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBI)

78

A chronic condition of the large intestine, characterized by recurrent abdominal cramps and diarrhea, often alternating with periods of constipation; usually attributed to stress.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

79

A yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes, caused by a buildup of a bile pigment.

Jaundice

80

Inadequate nutrition, but not the same thing as starvation. A person could eat three meals per day and still have this.

Malnutrition

81

A queasy feeling in the GI tract or general abdomen, often culminating in vomiting.

Nausea

82

Excessive fat in the body.

Obesity

83

An ulcer in the esophagus, stomach, or proximal small intestine, caused by gastric juices eating through the mucous membrane.

Peptic ulcer

84

Regurgitation of the stomach contents

Vomiting.