19 - The Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

National Exam > 19 - The Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in 19 - The Reproductive System Deck (82)
Loading flashcards...
30

A testicle; the male gonad

Testis

31

The female womb

Uterus

32

The female sex organ; also the birth canal

Vagina

33

The visible external female genitalia, including the mons pubis, labia, clitoris, vaginal orifice, vestibule glands.

Vulva

34

Premature separation of the placenta; life-threatening to the fetus

Abruptio placentae

35

A disease that is epidemic in prevalence, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus

AIDS

36

The abnormal discontinuation of the menstrual cycle.

Amenorrhea

37

A cyst in the vestibular gland

Bartholin cyst

38

A noncancerous enlargement of the prostrate gland

Benign prostrate hypertrophy (BPH)

39

Small parasitic insects that cause a red rash; their eggs stick to hair shafts and cause itching

Body lice

40

The uncontrolled growth of abnormal breast tissue

Breast cancer

41

A general term for any lump in the breast - tumor, cyst, or abscess; can be benign or malignant

Breast lump

42

A superficial fungal infection caused by Candida albicans that usually involves the skin, mucous membranes, respiratory tract, or vagina

Candidiasis

43

The removal or destruction of the testes

Castration

44

Cancer at the neck of the uterus

Cervical cancer

45

The most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease

Chlamydia

46

A lingering or recurrent inflammation of the cervix

Chronic cervicitis

47

The surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

Circumcision

48

The failure of one or both of the testes to descend

Cryptorchism

49

Difficulty with menses accompanied by pain

Dysmenorrhea

50

The abnormal growth of the fetus somewhere other uterus, usually in the Fallopian tubes

Ectopic pregnancy

51

The abnormal growth of tissue resembling the lining of the uterus in places other than the uterus, including the Fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity.

Endometriosis

52

A chronic disorder of forming abnormal fibrous tissue in the breasts

Fibrocystic breast disease

53

A nonmalignant tumor of smooth muscle in the uterus

Fibroid

54

A bacterial inflammation of the vagina that usually occurs in children and in women who have not had any sexual contact

Gardnerella vaginalis

55

A sexually transmitted disease caused by a herpes virus, characterized by painful outbreaks of lesions on the external genitals

Genital herpes

56

Warts that thrive on the moist skin of the sex organs, caused by the human papilloma virus

Genital warts

57

A sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria and characterized by pus discharge and painful urination

Gonorrhea

58

The condition of one individual having sex organs characteristic of both male and female

Hermaphroditism

59

A birth defect in which the urethra opens at the bottom surface of the penis

Hypospadias